is World AIDS Day. Domestic violence can increase the risk of sexually
transmitted infections including HIV.
More than one-third of adolescent girls tested for STIs/HIV have
experienced dating violence. Additionally, women who are HIV positive report
experiencing more severe intimate partner violence (IPV) and more frequent
abuse compared to HIV negative women who also experience IPV. Perpetrators of
intimate partner violence can also restrict treatment outcomes for their HIV positive
partners. For more examples of how intimate partner violence and STIs/HIV/AIDS
are linked, view Chapter
7: IPV and Sexually Transmitted Infections/HIV from Making the Connection:
Intimate Partner Violence and Public Health.
There are different ways you can help bring awareness to
domestic violence not only this month, but all year long. Find out what you can
do at your school, clinic, and community by reading the features below. Read
our online fact
sheets to learn more about the issue and take a look at our online catalog of materials
to support your campus activities. Let me know what you’re planning on
your campus for December and beyond by sending an email to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
If you would like to subscribe to this
listserv, click here
and be sure to check the box for “Student Health Network.”
The end of November marks the end of my 15-month Graduate
Health Internship with Futures Without Violence. My initial interest in working
in the field of domestic violence prevention stemmed from my personal
experience with teen dating violence. Although I would like to forget about the
abuse I endured, my work with Futures Without Violence forced me to look at that
experience and learn how I can prevent other teens from experiencing the same
life-altering situation. I know one day, when I am a health professional, that
I will ask the critical question to a patient: “Do you feel safe in your
relationship?” I hope that this question will provide an open dialogue between me
and my patient so that I may give him or her resources and solutions to help
them if the answer happens to be, “No.”
I wish you all the best as your continue with your
studies and work in the health industry. If you’re interested in interning with
Futures Without Violence as a 2012 graduate health intern, view the application here.
Futures Without Violence, formerly Family Violence
Graduate Health Intern
Attend A Domestic Violence Clinical Skills Training
for Health Professional Students Pre-Conference Institute for the National
Conference on Health and Domestic Violence
In an energizing session, students and faculty from all
areas of health care will come together to learn about domestic violence and
its impact on adult and child health. To help identify and support
individuals and families facing abuse, participants will learn how to conduct
domestic violence clinical screening, intervention and referral. This
institute will also feature graduate students engaged in research,
community-based projects, and other innovative efforts to prevent and address
the adverse health impact of domestic violence/sexual assault. At the end of
this session participants will: identify the dynamics and health impact of
domestic violence; know how to conduct domestic violence routine screening,
intervention and referral; and identify three domestic violence clinical
educational tools for health care providers and clients. This program will be
led by Futures Without Violence staff Aubree Kendall, MA, Leiana Kinnicutt,
MSW, and Anna Marjavi. The institute will be held the evening of March 12, 2012
from 5:30-7:30pm. For more information on the National Conference on Health and
Domestic Violence and to register, click here.
EVENTS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS
Webinar: Domestic and Dating Prevention
Violence on Campus
presents this webinar which focuses on domestic and dating violence prevention
on college campuses as well as community-wide initiatives. This session will
highlight peer education models and illustrate how to orchestrate a large-scale
community event designed to raise awareness about abuse. Presenter Laura
Finley, assistant professor of sociology and criminology at Barry University,
will lead the discussion. The webinar will be held on December 2 from 1-2pm
EDT. To sign up for this event, click here.
Louisiana’s 8th Annual
Conference on Sexual and Domestic Violence: Where’s the Outrage-Baton Rouge, LA
Foundation Against Sexual Assault (LaFASA) and the Louisiana Coalition Against
Domestic Violence is co-sponsoring this conference to help educate
professionals of all fields who work with victims of sexual and domestic
violence and those who work to bring perpetrators to justice. This three day event will feature presenters
from different disciplines on various topics such as stalking response and
investigation to effective responses to domestic violence in rural areas. The
conference will be held on December 7-9 at the Baton Rouge Marriott. The
deadline to register is December 2. To view the conference brochure and
register, click here.
4th Annual Trauma Spectrum
Conference- Betheseda, MD
Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury is
hosting their conference with the theme, “Bridging the Gap Between Research and
Clinical Practice of Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury:
Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Recovery for the Iraq and Afghanistan
Cohort.” Conference attendees will engage in plenary and working lunch sessions
where presenters will provide overviews on key topics such as cognitive
rehabilitation, sleep disorders, implementation science and co-occurring
disorders. This event is scheduled for December 8-9 at the Natcher Conference
Center in Betheseda, Maryland. For more information and to register, click here.
mPreventViolence: Communication and
Technology for Violence Prevention Workshop- Washington, D.C.
of Medicine will convene a two day workshop to explore gaps in the four areas
of knowledge management (knowledge generation, integration, dissemination, and
application) and how closing these gaps might accelerate violence prevention in
low-and middle-income countries. This event will be held from December 8-9 at
the Canadian Embassy. For more information, click here.
Responding to Crime Victims with
Disabilities National Training Conference- Orlando, FL
Center for Victims of Crime is hosting this conference which will serve to
enhance the knowledge, skills, and abilities of providers to effectively serve
people with disabilities who are victims of crime. The conference will
facilitate partnerships among the fields of victim assistance, advocacy for
persons with disabilities, and all allied professions. The conference will be
held from December 13-15 at the JW Marriott Orland Grand Lakes. For more
information and to register, click here.
CURRENT NEWS AND RESEARCH FINDINGS
Allen-Collinson, J. Assault on Self:
Intimate Partner Abuse and the Contestation of Identity. Symbolic Interaction. 2011; 34(1): 108-127.
Abstract: The complexities of intimate partner
abuse and violence have been studied from a range of theoretical, conceptual,
and methodological perspectives. It is argued here that symbolic interactionist
analyses offer specific and powerful insights into this particular
interactional domain. This article is based on data generated by a topical
life-history case study of a well-educated, middle class, middle-aged man,
whose wife subjected him to sustained unilateral violence and abuse, resulting
in deleterious consequences for his health and well-being. Data were gathered
via a serried of in-depth interviews and a personal diary. The analysis draws
on Goffman’s conceptualization of “possessional territory” as one of the
“territories of the self,” in order to examine the role of possessions in the
interational routines of intimate partner abuse.
Dixon L, Graham-Kevan N. Understanding the
nature and etiology of intimate partner violence and implications for practice
and policy. Clinical Psychology Review.
2011; 31(7): 1145-1155.
Abstract: Theoretical perspectives underlying
hypotheses about the nature and etiology of intimate partner violence are
important as they inform professional how they should best respond to reduce or
eliminate this social problem. Therefore, it is crucial that practice led
initiatives are driven by theory that is supported by good quality empirical
evidence. This review aims to provide a synthesis of methodologically sound
research to understand how intimate partner violence is best conceptualized,
and what the implications of this evidence based theory hold for practice and
policy. A wealth of evidence supporting the need to further explore and respond
to the spectrum of partner violence from a gender inclusive perspective is
demonstrated. Implications of the evidence for the multidisciplinary work,
prevention, assessment, treatment and policy related to intimate partner
violence are discussed.
Ford JD, Gagnon K, Connor DF, Pearson G.
History of Interpersonal Violence, Abuse, and Nonvictimization Trauma and Severity
of Psychiatric Symptoms Among Children in Outpatient Psychiatric Treatment. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2011;
Abstract: In a clinical sample of child
psychiatry outpatients, chart review data were collected for 114 consecutive
admissions over a 1-year period at a Child and Adolescent Outpatient Psychiatry
Clinic. Data included history of documented maltreatment, potentially traumatic
domestic or community violence, neglect or emotional abuse, and
noninterpersonal stressors as well as demographics, psychiatric diagnoses, and
parent-rated child emotional and disruptive behavior problems. On a bivariate
and multivariate basis, any past exposure to interpersonal violence-but not to
noninterpersonal traumas-was related to more severe disruptive behavior
problems, independent of the effects of demographics and psychiatric diagnoses.
Noninterpersonal trauma and psychiatric diagnoses were associated with
emotional problems; exposure to interpersonal violence appeared to partially
account for this relationship despite not being independently associated with
emotional problem severity. History of exposure to interpersonal violence
warrants clinical and research attention as a severity marker and potential
treatment focus in psychiatric outpatient services for children, particularly
those with disruptive behavior problems.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
Ely GE, Otis MD.
An Examination of Intimate Partner Violence and Psychological Stressors in
Adult Abortion Patients. Journal of
Interpersonal Violence. 2011; 26(16): 3248-3266.
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to
describe an exploratory study examining the relationship between intimate
partner violence and psychological stressors in a sample of 188 adult abortion
patients. Results indicate the almost 15% of respondents report a history of
abuse by the co-conceiving partner. In addition, women who reported having had
one or more past abortions were more likely to also report that the person
involved in the current pregnancy had also emotionally abused them. Women
reporting one type of partner abuse were significantly more likely to also
report other types of abuse. Women reporting abuse were less likely to report
informing their co-conceiving partner of their appointment at the clinic, less
likely to report that their partner contributed financially to the abortion
cost, and more likely to report partner refusal to wear a condom. Women who
reported emotional abuse were more likely to score higher on all but one of the
psychological stressor scales. The implications of these findings are
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
Garcia- Esteve L,
Torres A, Navarro P, Ascaso C, Imaz ML, et al. Validation and comparison of
four instruments to detect partner violence in health-care setting. Medicina Clinica 2011; 137(9): 390-397.
and objectives: To validate four instruments to detect domestic violence in
health-care settings against external criteria -Index of Spouse Abuse (ISA),
Psychological Maltreatment of Women Inventory short form (PMWI-SF), Woman Abuse
Screening Tool (WAST), Partner Violence Screen (PVS)- and to assess the
concordance and compare the diagnostic accuracy. Subjects and method: This was a case-control study. The study
sample was recruited from primary care and domestic violence centers. The ISA,
PMWI-SF, WAST and PVS were administered to 223 controls and 182 intimate
partner violence cases. Received Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis
was carried out. Measures were compared in terms of ROC curves and overall
agreement. Results: The areas under
the curve (AUC) were: ISA 0.99 (IC 95%, 0.98-0.99), PMWI-SF 0.98 (IC 95%
0.97-0.99), WAST 0.95 (IC 95% 0.93-0.97), PVS 0.91 (IC 95% 0.87-0.94). The
overall agreement between the four tools was excellent (Fleiss Kappa = 0.82).
The ISA and the PMWI-SF performed slightly better than WAST, and these three
instruments performed better than PVS for detecting domestic violence. The PVS
had lower concordance values with the other instruments. Conclusions: The four instruments demonstrated adequate diagnostic
accuracy and overall agreement for detect domestic violence. Some
overestimation of sensitivity may occur due to different source of cases.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
Bogat GA, Huth-Bocks AC. The Influence of Domestic Violence on the Development
of the Attachment Relationship Between Mother and Young Child. Psychoanalytic Psychology. 2011; 28(4): 512-527.
Abstract: This paper uses a case study from a
longitudinal research project to illustrate the influence of domestic violence
on the developing attachment relationship between mother and child that begins
during pregnancy. The case study illustrates particular mechanisms involved in
damaging the mother child relationship in the context of domestic violence,
including maternal projection, projective identification, as well as emotional
dysregulation and dissociation. The paper includes quotes from the Working
Model of the Child interviews (Zeanah & Benoit, 1995) conducted with the
mother during pregnancy and at the child's 1st birthday as well as descriptions
of observed mother child interactions and Strange Situation paradigms
(Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978) at ages 1 and 4. The trajectory
of this particular mother-child dyad is interpreted in the context of theory
and research on the care giving and attachment relationship and the effects of
domestic violence on women and children. The discussion includes both
theoretical and clinical implications for the influence of domestic violence on
the early and developing mother child relationship.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
G, Cruz-Arvizy VH, Araceli C. Prevalence of violence against pregnant women and
associated maternal and neonatal complications in Leon, Mexico. Midwifery. 2011; 27(5): 750-753.
to determine the prevalence of violence against women and associated maternal
and neonatal complications in a developing country setting. Design: cross-sectional study using a
face-to-face questionnaire. Setting:
postpartum area at a tertiary care referral hospital in Leon, Mexico. Participants: 1623 postpartum women. Data collection: women were recruited at
24-72 h post partum. The diagnosis and severity of violence were assessed using
a modified questionnaire based on the Index of Spouse Abuse and Severity of Violence
against Women Scale. Findings: of
1623 women, 711( 43.8%) were diagnosed with violence during pregnancy; 563(
79.1%) experienced mild violence and 148( 20.9%) experienced severe violence.
Of the women who experienced violence, 72.9% experienced psychological
violence, 15.8% experienced physical violence and 11.3% experienced sexual
violence. Maternal complications were higher in women who experienced violence
(30.2% vs 23.6%, p=0.004). Women who experienced sexual violence had more
maternal complications (43.2%), and women who experienced psychological
violence had more neonatal complications (54.2%). Key conclusions: violence during pregnancy is quite common in the
study setting. Maternal complications are higher in women who experience
violence during pregnancy. The type of violence has different effects on
maternal and neonatal health. Implications
for practice: it is recommended that pregnant women who are experiencing
violence should be identified during antenatal care to avoid maternal or
neonatal complications.[Source: Web
Miller E, Beslau J, Petukhova M, Fayyad J,
Green JG, et al. Premarital mental disorders and physical violence in marriage:
cross-national study of married couples. British
Journal of Psychiatry. 2011; 199(4): 330-337.
Abstract: Backgroud: Mental disorders may increase the risk of physical
violence among married couples. Aims:
To estimate associations between premarital mental disorders and marital
violence in a cross-national sample of married couples. Method: A total of 1821 married couples (3642 individuals) from 11
countries were interviewed as part of the World Health Organization's World
Mental Health Survey Initiative. Sixteen mental disorders with onset prior to marriage
were examined as predictors of marital violence reported by either spouse. Results: Any physical violence was
reported by one or both spouses in 20% of couples, and was associated with
husbands' externalising disorders (OR = 1.7, 95% Cl 1.2-2.3). Overall, the
population attributable risk for marital violence related to premarital mental
disorders was estimated to be 17.2%. Conclusions:
Husbands' externalising disorders had a modest but consistent association with
marital violence across diverse countries. This finding has implications for
the development of targeted interventions to reduce risk of marital violence.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
FUNDING LINKS-SCHOLARSHIPS-RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES
Funding Opportunity: Prevention of
Violence and Trauma of Women and Girls
The Office on
Women’s Health is funding activities and events in support of Prevention of
Violence and Trauma of Women and Girls in the United States and its affiliated
territories and tribal nations. OWH is seeking projects which increase awareness
of violence and trauma affecting women and girls, offer prevention strategies
and messages, and promote trauma-informed care to decrease violence against
women and girls and promote recovery and resiliency. Projects will be funded up
to a maximum amount of $2,500. The deadline to apply is December 7 by 5pm MT.
For more information and to apply, click here.
Request for Statements of Interest:
Anti-Trafficking Project in Thailand
The Office to
Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons is accepting applications for 2012
funding of projects to combat trafficking in persons in Thailand. If chosen, candidate could receive grants of
up to $750,000. All statements of interest must be submitted online by 5pm EST
on December 16. For more information, click here.
JOB AND INTERNSHIP LISTINGS
Intern for Futures Without Violence- San Francisco, CA
The Health Care and Domestic Violence Graduate Internship
Program is open to medical, nursing, public health, social work, psychology,
health care administration, or other health care related graduate students (includes
law, media, policy, or business students with a health care focus). The
internship allows a student to spend up to 12 months interning with Futures
Without Violence and working on the National Health Initiative. For more
information or to apply, click here.
Coordinator- Cheyenne, WY
Cheyenne Regional Medical Center is searching for a
part-time domestic violence coordinator. The candidate would work directly
under the supervision of the Director of Trauma, Emergency Services, and
Procedural Nursing and work closely with the Forensic Nursing Coordinator. For
more information or to apply for the position, click here.
Program Director- Arlington, VA
Doorways for Women and Families is seeking a Domestic
Violence Program director responsible for directing all aspects of operations
in the Domestic Violence Programs, which include the 11-bed safe house and
kennel, 24-hour hotline, and court advocacy program. For more information and
to apply for this position, click here.
Liaison- Concord, CA
STAND! For Families Free of Violence is seeking a part
time domestic violence liaison to support and build the capacity of our
partnering agency, Rainbow Community Center, to work with the issue of domestic
violence. This position conducts case work for the Rainbow Community Center’s
clients experiencing domestic violence, as well as advocating for those clients
and accompanying them when necessary. For more information and to apply, click here.
Residential Specialist- Staten Island, NY
Safehorizon is searching for a supervising residential
specialist to provide counseling, advocacy, intervention, and support to meet
the needs of victims and their families.
For more information and to apply, click here.
Counselor/Transitional Housing Specialist- White Plains, NY
My Sister’s Place, located in Westchester County, is
looking for a domestic violence counselor/transitional housing specialist that
will spend 24 hours per week under the direction of the Manager of the
community counseling and advocacy program providing individual support and
counseling to adult victims of domestic violence and human trafficking. For
more information and to apply, click here.
Case Manager- Los Angeles, CA
First to Serve Inc. is searching for a domestic violence
case manager to provide individual needs assessments, biopsychosocial
assessments, and treatment/individual service plan. For a detailed list of
responsibilities, click here.