is World AIDS Day. Domestic violence can increase the risk of sexually
transmitted infections including HIV.
More than one-third of adolescent girls tested for STIs/HIV have
experienced dating violence. Additionally, women who are HIV positive report
experiencing more severe intimate partner violence (IPV) and more frequent
abuse compared to HIV negative women who also experience IPV. Perpetrators of
intimate partner violence can also restrict treatment outcomes for their HIV positive
partners. For more examples of how intimate partner violence and STIs/HIV/AIDS
are linked, view Chapter
7: IPV and Sexually Transmitted Infections/HIV from Making the Connection:
Intimate Partner Violence and Public Health.
There are different ways you can help bring awareness to
domestic violence not only this month, but all year long. Find out what you can
do at your school, clinic, and community by reading the features below. Read
our online fact
sheets to learn more about the issue and take a look at our online catalog of materials
to support your campus activities. Let me know what you’re planning on
your campus for December and beyond by sending an email to: email@example.com.
If you would like to subscribe to this
listserv, click here
and be sure to check the box for “Student Health Network.”
The end of November marks the end of my 15-month Graduate
Health Internship with Futures Without Violence. My initial interest in working
in the field of domestic violence prevention stemmed from my personal
experience with teen dating violence. Although I would like to forget about the
abuse I endured, my work with Futures Without Violence forced me to look at that
experience and learn how I can prevent other teens from experiencing the same
life-altering situation. I know one day, when I am a health professional, that
I will ask the critical question to a patient: “Do you feel safe in your
relationship?” I hope that this question will provide an open dialogue between me
and my patient so that I may give him or her resources and solutions to help
them if the answer happens to be, “No.”
I wish you all the best as your continue with your
studies and work in the health industry.
Futures Without Violence, formerly Family Violence
Graduate Health Intern
Update of Compendium of State Statutes and Policies on
Domestic Violence and Health Care Now Available
In 2010, Futures Without Violence, formerly Family
Violence Prevention Fund produced the Compendium
of State Statutes and Policies on Domestic Violence and Health Care
which updated and replaced the 2001 publication, State
by State Legislative Report Card on Health Care Laws and Domestic Violence.
is an at-a-glance summary of state laws and regulations relevant to addressing
domestic violence in health care settings. It includes analyses and themes that
reflect policy and programmatic changes made in the last decade by leaders in
the fields of health care, policy and domestic/sexual violence advocacy.
includes an introduction that provides an overview of innovative and promising
practice in identified areas, as well as suggestions for amending or creating
such state laws and regulations. A synopsis of every state’s domestic violence
and health care state laws and regulations is included and addresses: training,
screening, protocols, mandatory reporting, insurance discrimination, and other
categories. The tool also identifies state earmarks for funding and public
health programs specific to domestic violence, as available. The state
summaries of laws and regulations are also condensed in a two-page quick
The most updated feature of the 2011 edition is the
addition of public health responses for thirty two states. To do so, state
public health leaders with expertise in domestic and sexual violence were
identified and asked to complete a survey. When public health staff could not
be reached, state domestic violence coalition members were contacted for
additional input. Respondents were asked to provide state-specific information
on public health programs related to: domestic violence and health responses
including those specific to child or adolescent health; domestic violence
training and tools to enhance clinical responses; and descriptions of
innovative or emerging partnerships to address domestic violence. In addition,
states were also asked to elaborate on other projects in a brief narrative.
Information for each state was collected between October, 2010 and October, 2011.
To access the PDF version of the Compendium of State Statues and Policies on Domestic Violence and
Health Care, click here.
EVENTS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS
Webinar: Domestic and Dating Prevention
Violence on Campus
presents this webinar which focuses on domestic and dating violence prevention
on college campuses as well as community-wide initiatives. This session will
highlight peer education models and illustrate how to orchestrate a large-scale
community event designed to raise awareness about abuse. Presenter Laura
Finley, assistant professor of sociology and criminology at Barry University,
will lead the discussion. The webinar will be held on December 2 from 1-2pm
EDT. To sign up for this event, click here.
Louisiana’s 8th Annual
Conference on Sexual and Domestic Violence: Where’s the Outrage-Baton Rouge, LA
Foundation Against Sexual Assault (LaFASA) and the Louisiana Coalition Against
Domestic Violence is co-sponsoring this conference to help educate
professionals of all fields who work with victims of sexual and domestic
violence and those who work to bring perpetrators to justice. This three day event will feature presenters
from different disciplines on various topics such as stalking response and
investigation to effective responses to domestic violence in rural areas. The
conference will be held on December 7-9 at the Baton Rouge Marriott. The
deadline to register is December 2. To view the conference brochure and
register, click here.
4th Annual Trauma Spectrum
Conference- Betheseda, MD
Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury is
hosting their conference with the theme, “Bridging the Gap Between Research and
Clinical Practice of Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury:
Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Recovery for the Iraq and Afghanistan
Cohort.” Conference attendees will engage in plenary and working lunch sessions
where presenters will provide overviews on key topics such as cognitive
rehabilitation, sleep disorders, implementation science and co-occurring
disorders. This event is scheduled for December 8-9 at the Natcher Conference
Center in Betheseda, Maryland. For more information and to register, click here.
mPreventViolence: Communication and
Technology for Violence Prevention Workshop- Washington, D.C.
of Medicine will convene a two day workshop to explore gaps in the four areas
of knowledge management (knowledge generation, integration, dissemination, and
application) and how closing these gaps might accelerate violence prevention in
low-and middle-income countries. This event will be held from December 8-9 at
the Canadian Embassy. For more information, click here.
Responding to Crime Victims with
Disabilities National Training Conference- Orlando, FL
Center for Victims of Crime is hosting this conference which will serve to
enhance the knowledge, skills, and abilities of providers to effectively serve
people with disabilities who are victims of crime. The conference will
facilitate partnerships among the fields of victim assistance, advocacy for
persons with disabilities, and all allied professions. The conference will be held
from December 13-15 at the JW Marriott Orland Grand Lakes. For more information
and to register, click here.
CURRENT NEWS AND RESEARCH FINDINGS
Allen-Collinson, J. Assault on Self:
Intimate Partner Abuse and the Contestation of Identity. Symbolic Interaction. 2011; 34(1): 108-127.
Abstract: The complexities of intimate partner
abuse and violence have been studied from a range of theoretical, conceptual,
and methodological perspectives. It is argued here that symbolic interactionist
analyses offer specific and powerful insights into this particular
interactional domain. This article is based on data generated by a topical
life-history case study of a well-educated, middle class, middle-aged man,
whose wife subjected him to sustained unilateral violence and abuse, resulting
in deleterious consequences for his health and well-being. Data were gathered
via a serried of in-depth interviews and a personal diary. The analysis draws
on Goffman’s conceptualization of “possessional territory” as one of the
“territories of the self,” in order to examine the role of possessions in the
interational routines of intimate partner abuse.
Dixon L, Graham-Kevan N. Understanding the
nature and etiology of intimate partner violence and implications for practice
and policy. Clinical Psychology Review.
2011; 31(7): 1145-1155.
Abstract: Theoretical perspectives underlying
hypotheses about the nature and etiology of intimate partner violence are
important as they inform professional how they should best respond to reduce or
eliminate this social problem. Therefore, it is crucial that practice led
initiatives are driven by theory that is supported by good quality empirical
evidence. This review aims to provide a synthesis of methodologically sound
research to understand how intimate partner violence is best conceptualized,
and what the implications of this evidence based theory hold for practice and
policy. A wealth of evidence supporting the need to further explore and respond
to the spectrum of partner violence from a gender inclusive perspective is
demonstrated. Implications of the evidence for the multidisciplinary work,
prevention, assessment, treatment and policy related to intimate partner
violence are discussed.
Ford JD, Gagnon K, Connor DF, Pearson G.
History of Interpersonal Violence, Abuse, and Nonvictimization Trauma and
Severity of Psychiatric Symptoms Among Children in Outpatient Psychiatric
Treatment. Journal of Interpersonal
Violence. 2011; 26(16): 3316-3337.
Abstract: In a clinical sample of child
psychiatry outpatients, chart review data were collected for 114 consecutive
admissions over a 1-year period at a Child and Adolescent Outpatient Psychiatry
Clinic. Data included history of documented maltreatment, potentially traumatic
domestic or community violence, neglect or emotional abuse, and
noninterpersonal stressors as well as demographics, psychiatric diagnoses, and
parent-rated child emotional and disruptive behavior problems. On a bivariate
and multivariate basis, any past exposure to interpersonal violence-but not to
noninterpersonal traumas-was related to more severe disruptive behavior
problems, independent of the effects of demographics and psychiatric diagnoses.
Noninterpersonal trauma and psychiatric diagnoses were associated with
emotional problems; exposure to interpersonal violence appeared to partially
account for this relationship despite not being independently associated with
emotional problem severity. History of exposure to interpersonal violence
warrants clinical and research attention as a severity marker and potential
treatment focus in psychiatric outpatient services for children, particularly
those with disruptive behavior problems.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
Ely GE, Otis MD.
An Examination of Intimate Partner Violence and Psychological Stressors in
Adult Abortion Patients. Journal of
Interpersonal Violence. 2011; 26(16): 3248-3266.
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to
describe an exploratory study examining the relationship between intimate
partner violence and psychological stressors in a sample of 188 adult abortion
patients. Results indicate the almost 15% of respondents report a history of
abuse by the coconceiving partner. In addition, women who reported having had
one or more past abortions were more likely to also report that the person
involved in the current pregnancy had also emotionally abused them. Women
reporting one type of partner abuse were significantly more likely to also
report other types of abuse. Women reporting abuse were less likely to report
informing their coconceiving partner of their appointment at the clinic, less
likely to report that their partner contributed financially to the abortion
cost, and more likely to report partner refusal to wear a condom. Women who
reported emotional abuse were more likely to score higher on all but one of the
psychological stressor scales. The implications of these findings are
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
Garcia- Esteve L,
Torres A, Navarro P, Ascaso C, Imaz ML, et al. Validation and comparison of
four instruments to detect partner violence in health-care setting. Medicina Clinica 2011; 137(9): 390-397.
and objectives: To validate four instruments to detect domestic violence in
health-care settings against external criteria -Index of Spouse Abuse (ISA),
Psychological Maltreatment of Women Inventory short form (PMWI-SF), Woman Abuse
Screening Tool (WAST), Partner Violence Screen (PVS)- and to assess the
concordance and compare the diagnostic accuracy.
Subjects and method: This was a
case-control study. The study sample was recruited from primary care and
domestic violence centers. The ISA, PMWI-SF, WAST and PVS were administered to
223 controls and 182 intimate partner violence cases. Received Operating
Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was carried out. Measures were compared in
terms of ROC curves and overall agreement.
Results: The areas under the curve
(AUC) were: ISA 0.99 (IC 95%, 0.98-0.99), PMWI-SF 0.98 (IC 95% 0.97-0.99), WAST
0.95 (IC 95% 0.93-0.97), PVS 0.91 (IC 95% 0.87-0.94). The overall agreement
between the four tools was excellent (Fleiss Kappa = 0.82). The ISA and the
PMWI-SF performed slightly better than WAST, and these three instruments
performed better than PVS for detecting domestic violence. The PVS had lower
concordance values with the other instruments.Conclusions: The four instruments
demonstrated adequate diagnostic accuracy and overall agreement for detect
domestic violence. Some overestimation of sensitivity may occur due to
different source of cases.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
Bogat GA, Huth-Bocks AC. The Influence of Domestic Violence on the Development
of the Attachment Relationship Between Mother and Young Child. Psychoanalytic Psychology. 2011; 28(4): 512-527.
Abstract: This paper uses a case study from a
longitudinal research project to illustrate the influence of domestic violence
on the developing attachment relationship between mother and child that begins
during pregnancy. The case study illustrates particular mechanisms involved in
damaging the mother child relationship in the context of domestic violence, including
maternal projection, projective identification, as well as emotional
dysregulation and dissociation. The paper includes quotes from the Working
Model of the Child interviews (Zeanah & Benoit, 1995) conducted with the
mother during pregnancy and at the child's 1st birthday as well as descriptions
of observed mother child interactions and Strange Situation paradigms
(Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978) at ages 1 and 4. The trajectory
of this particular mother-child dyad is interpreted in the context of theory
and research on the caregiving and attachment relationship and the effects of
domestic violence on women and children. The discussion includes both
theoretical and clinical implications for the influence of domestic violence on
the early and developing mother child relationship.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
G, Cruz-Arvizy VH, Araceli C. Prevalence of violence against pregnant women and
associated maternal and neonatal complications in Leon, Mexico. Midwifery. 2011; 27(5): 750-753.
to determine the prevalence of violence against women and associated maternal
and neonatal complications in a developing country setting.Design: cross-sectional study using a
face-to-face questionnaire.Setting: postpartum are a at a
tertiary care referral hospital in Leon, Mexico. Participants: 1623 postpartum women.Data collection: women were recruited
at 24-72 h post partum. The diagnosis and severity of violence were assessed
using a modified questionnaire based on the Index of Spouse Abuse and Severity
of Violence against Women Scale. Findings:
of 1623 women, 711( 43.8%) were diagnosed with violence during pregnancy; 563(
79.1%) experienced mild violence and 148( 20.9%) experienced severe violence.
Of the women who experienced violence, 72.9% experienced psychological
violence, 15.8% experienced physical violence and 11.3% experienced sexual
violence. Maternal complications were higher in women who experienced violence
(30.2% vs 23.6%, p=0.004). Women who experienced sexual violence had more
maternal complications (43.2%), and women who experienced psychological
violence had more neonatal complications (54.2%). Key conclusions: violence during pregnancy is quite common in the
study setting. Maternal complications are higher in women who experience
violence during pregnancy. The type of violence has different effects on
maternal and neonatal health. Implications
for practice: it is recommended that pregnant women who are experiencing
violence should be identified during antenatal care to avoid maternal or
neonatal complications.[Source: Web
Miller E, Beslau J, Petukhova M, Fayyad J,
Green JG, et al. Premarital mental disorders and physical violence in marriage:
cross-national study of married couples. British
Journal of Psychiatry. 2011; 199(4): 330-337.
Abstract: Backgroud: Mental disorders may increase the risk of physical
violence among married couples. Aims:
To estimate associations between premarital mental disorders and marital
violence in a cross-national sample of married couples. Method: A total of 1821 married couples (3642 individuals) from 11
countries were interviewed as part of the World Health Organization's World
Mental Health Survey Initiative. Sixteen mental disorders with onset prior to
marriage were examined as predictors of marital violence reported by either
spouse. Results: Any physical
violence was reported by one or both spouses in 20% of couples, and was
associated with husbands' externalising disorders (OR = 1.7, 95% Cl 1.2-2.3).
Overall, the population attributable risk for marital violence related to
premarital mental disorders was estimated to be 17.2%. Conclusions: Husbands' externalising disorders had a modest but
consistent association with marital violence across diverse countries. This
finding has implications for the development of targeted interventions to
reduce risk of marital violence.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
FUNDING LINKS-SCHOLARSHIPS-RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES
Funding Opportunity: Prevention of
Violence and Trauma of Women and Girls
The Office on
Women’s Health is funding activities and events in support of Prevention of
Violence and Trauma of Women and Girls in the United States and its affiliated
territories and tribal nations. OWH is seeking projects which increase
awareness of violence and trauma affecting women and girls, offer prevention
strategies and messages, and promote trauma-informed care to decrease violence
against women and girls and promote recovery and resiliency. Projects will be
funded up to a maximum amount of $2,500. The deadline to apply is December 7 by
5pm MT. For more information and to apply, click here.
Request for Statements of Interest:
Anti-Trafficking Project in Thailand
The Office to
Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons is accepting applications for 2012
funding of projects to combat trafficking in persons in Thailand. If chosen, candidate could receive grants of up
to $750,000. All statements of interest must be submitted online by 5pm EST on
December 16. For more information, click here.
JOB AND INTERNSHIP LISTINGS
Intern- San Francisco, CA
The Health Care and Domestic Violence Graduate Internship
Program is open to medical, nursing, public health, social work, psychology,
health care administration, or other health care related graduate students
(includes law, media, policy, or business students with a health care focus).
The internship allows a student to spend up to 12 months interning with Futures
Without Violence and working on the National Health Initiative. For more
information or to apply, click here.
Coordinator- Cheyenne, WY
Cheyenne Regional Medical Center is searching for a
part-time domestic violence coordinator. The candidate would work directly
under the supervision of the Director of Trauma, Emergency Services, and
Procedural Nursing and work closely with the Forensic Nursing Coordinator. For
more information or to apply for the position, click here.
Program Director- Arlington, VA
Doorways for Women and Families is seeking a Domestic
Violence Program director responsible for directing all aspects of operations
in the Domestic Violence Programs, which include the 11-bed safe house and
kennel, 24-hour hotline, and court advocacy program. For more information and
to apply for this position, click here.
Liaison- Concord, CA
STAND! For Families Free of Violence is seeking a part
time domestic violence liaison to support and build the capacity of our
partnering agency, Rainbow Community Center, to work with the issue of domestic
violence. This position conducts case work for the Rainbow Community Center’s
clients experiencing domestic violence, as well as advocating for those clients
and accompanying them when necessary. For more information and to apply, click here.
Residential Specialist- Staten Island, NY
Safehorizon is searching for a supervising residential
specialist to provide counseling, advocacy, intervention, and support to meet
the needs of victims and their families.
For more information and to apply, click here.
Counselor/Transitional Housing Specialist- White Plains, NY
My Sister’s Place, located in Westchester County, is
looking for a domestic violence counselor/transitional housing specialist that
will spend 24 hours per week under the direction of the Manager of the
community counseling and advocacy program providing individual support and
counseling to adult victims of domestic violence and human trafficking. For
more information and to apply, click here.
Case Manager- Los Angeles, CA
First to Serve Inc. is searching for a domestic violence
case manager to provide individual needs assessments, biopsychosocial
assessments, and treatment/individual service plan. For a detailed list of
responsibilities, click here.