October is National Domestic Violence Awareness Month.
Domestic violence is a health care issue of epidemic proportions. The U.S.
Department of Justice reports that 37 percent of all women who sought care in
hospital emergency rooms for violence-related injuries were injured by a
current or former spouse, boyfriend or girlfriend. Abused women experience a 50-70% increase in gynecological, central
nervous system, and stress-related problems. Medical studies have also
linked the long term effects of domestic violence and abuse with health
problems including diabetes, obesity, and eating disorders. While doctors and
nurses routinely screen for high blood pressure and high cholesterol, too few
screen for domestic violence. This puts health care providers in a
unique position to help victims of abuse if they know how to detect domestic
violence and provide victims with referrals and support. To read more about the many
health effects of domestic violence, view Making
the Connection: Intimate Partner Violence and Public Health.
There are different ways you can help bring awareness to
domestic violence not only this month, but all year long. Find out what you can
do at your school, clinic, and community by reading the features below. Read
our online fact
sheets to learn more about the issue and take a look at our online catalog of materials
to support your campus activities. Let me know what you’re planning on
your campus for October and beyond by sending me an email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Also, feel free to email me with any questions or to talk
more about campus strategies to help raise awareness of domestic violence. If
you would like to subscribe to this listserv, click here
and be sure to check the box for “Student Health Network.”
Futures Without Violence, formerly Family Violence
Graduate Health Intern
Health Cares about Domestic Violence Day
is October 12!
October 12 is the 13th annual Health Cares About Domestic Violence Day, a
nationally recognized awareness-raising day that takes place on the second
Wednesday of October each year. It is organized by Futures Without Violence,
formerly Family Violence Prevention Fund. Educational sessions by—and for—the
health care community will continue throughout October, Domestic Violence Awareness Month.
“Doctors, nurses and other health care providers can be
virtual lifelines for victims of domestic, dating and sexual violence, but too
often they do not provide all the help they could because they haven’t been
trained to assess patients for abuse,” said Futures Without Violence President
Esta Soler. “Health Cares
About Domestic Violence Day is designed to help improve the health
care system’s response to violence by giving medical professionals the information
and support they need to help victims and their children.”
While women can suffer injuries from domestic, dating and sexual violence, it
also causes long-lasting harm of other kinds. Physical and psychological abuse
are linked to a wide range of health problems including: sexually transmitted
infections (including HIV/AIDS); complications during pregnancy and unwanted
pregnancy; arthritis; chronic neck, back and pelvic pain; substance abuse;
migraine and other headaches; ulcers; and chronic irritable bowel syndrome.
There are many ways that you can provide leadership in
your community on HCADV Day. Futures Without Violence is committed to
helping you craft activities that best meet your interests, resources and time
availability. Examples of past participation include hanging posters
in waiting rooms that advertise local resource numbers; writing a newsletter article or an op ed for a local paper;
committing to try routine assessment for one week; and inviting a speaker to
conduct a brown bag lunch on domestic violence for staff. We encourage you to
Please let us know what you are doing on your campus so
we can feature you in November’s listserv!
EVENTS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS
Purple Light Nights Campaign Statehouse
Press Conference-Columbus, OH
Services, the Ohio Domestic Violence Network, and Representative Anne Gonzales
will host this event on October 5 at 12 noon in the atrium of the statehouse.
During the month of Octover, the LeVeque Tower and the AEP Skyband will be lit
in purple and numerous precention and awareness activities will occur. The goal
is to spark conversation and bring attention to the critical message of
domestic violence. For additional information or to RSVP, contact Lisa Carroll
at (614) 559-0124 or email@example.com .
Southern Colorado Domestic Violence
Symposium-Lethality Assessments: Saving Lives Through Education- Pueblo, CO
Visitation and Safe Exchange Program and Pueblo County are hosting this
symposium on October 6 from 8am-5pm. Featured speakers include Dr. Jacquelyn
Campbell and Lt. Matthew Murray. For more information on these speakers and the
conference, click here.
Turning Points: Working with Women Who Use
Violence- Minneapolis, MN
is a training for group facilitators, therapists, advocates, and other
interveners that work with women who use violence against their partners. This
training and the Turning Points curriculum
focuses on helping women understand the connections between the violence they
experience and the violence they use. This training will be held on October 6-7
at the Greater Twin Cities United Way. Cost for the program is $250 per
person. To reserve a spot or to receive
registration information, email firstname.lastname@example.org .
HOPE in the Park
The San Diego
Domestic Violence Council is hosting a fun, family day at Balboa Park which
celebrates healing, opportunities, prevention and education about domestic
violence. There will be music, food, resource booths, Youth Zone, free
t-shirts, and more! The event will take place on Saturday, October 8 from 1-7pm.
For information on the event or to volunteer for the event, click here.
Diego Domestic Violence Council]
Cooking for Love: Savor the Season 2011-
West Hollywood, CA
Cycle’s Cooking for Love has become one of the most talked about and
well-attended events in Los Angeles. The event, which benefits Break the Cycle,
will feature global cuisine by chef Gary Arabia and MC Mark DeCarlo. The event
is on Sunday, October 9 from 6-9pm. For more information, click here.
West Virginia Coalition Against Domestic
Violence 30th Anniversary Celebration- Charleston, WV
Virginia Coalition Against Domestic Violence celebrates its 20th
anniversary with a special event on October 13 from 5:30-8:30pm at the West
Virginia Culture Center. WVCADV will
recognize the vision of the founders and highlight the voices of survivors in
recapping three decades of advocacy work. For more information, click here.
Breaking the Cycle of Violence: Screening,
Intervention, and Survivorship
of California at San Francisco will be hosting their annual domestic violence
conference on October 29 from 8:30am-5pm PST. The keynote speaker, Dr. Patricia
Van Horn, will discuss the impact of domestic violence on child development.
Breakout sessions will also cover topics on teen dating violence, elder abuse,
immigration and deportation, homelessness,
and prison and domestic violence. To register for this conference, click
CURRENT NEWS AND RESEARCH FINDINGS
Lipsky S, Caetano R, Roy-Byrne P. Triple
jeopardy: impact of partner violence perpetration, mental health and substance
use on perceived unmet need for mental health care among men. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.
2011; 46(9): 843-852.
Abstract: Objectives: To examine the relationship
between intimate partner violence (IPV)
perpetration, serious mental illness, and substance use and perceived unmet
need for mental health treatment in the past year among men in the general
population using the behavioral model for health-care use (Aday and Anderson in
Health Serv Res 9:208-220, 1974; Andersen in A behavioral model of families'
use of health services, 1968; Andersen in Med Care 46:647-653, 2008).
Methods: Non-Hispanic black,
Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white males aged 18-49 years and cohabiting with a
spouse/partner were included in this analysis of the 2002 National Survey on
Drug Use and Health. Adjusted odds ratios (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)
were calculated using logistic regression.
Results: The proportion of men
reporting unmet treatment need was greater among IPV perpetrators than
nonperpetrators (12.1 vs. 3.4%, respectively). Hazardous drinking, illicit drug
use, alcohol and drug abuse/dependence, and SMI were also more common among
perpetrators. Perpetrators were twice as likely to report unmet need for
treatment after taking predisposing, enabling, and need factors into account
(AOR 2.00, CI 1.13-3.55). Alcohol abuse/dependence (AOR 2.96, CI 1.79-4.90),
drug abuse/dependence (AOR, 1.79, CI 1.01-3.17), substance abuse treatment (AOR
3.09, CI 1.18-8.09), and SMI (AOR 8.46, CI 5.53-12.94) were independently
associated with perceived unmet need for treatment.
Conclusions: These findings suggest
that men who perpetrate IPV are at increased risk of perceived unmet need for
mental health care. This study also emphasizes the need to identify substance
use disorders and mental health problems among IPV perpetrators identified in
health, social service, or criminal justice settings. Further research should
address barriers to care specific to men who perpetrate IPV beyond economic
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
Marshall AD. Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, intimate partner violence
perpetration, and the mediating rold of shame processing bias. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 2011;
stress disorder (PTSD) may produce internal "threats to the self,"
which generate shame. Shame is theoretically and empirically linked to intimate
partner violence (IPV) perpetration. We examined
relations among PTSD, cognitive processing of shame-relevant information, and
IPV perpetration. Forty-seven community participants completed an emotional
Stroop task with shame-relevant and neutral words. Stimuli were presented
supraliminally (i.e., until vocal response) and subliminally (i.e., below an
individualized threshold of conscious awareness). Facilitated color-naming of
shame-relevant words (thought to reflect congruence between shame and
self-schemas) mediated the relation between PTSD severity and IPV perpetration
frequency. Mediation results for subliminal stimuli suggest that biased
processing of shame cues may occur preconsciously and potentially catalyze processes
(i.e., expectations of rejection in ambiguous situations with one's partner;
avoidance that minimizes discomfort and protects self-image) that lead to IPV
perpetration. Psychotherapeutic approaches to PTSD and IPV should consider the
role of facilitated processing of shame cues.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
Brasfield H, Febres J, Stuart GL. The Association Between Impulsivity, Trait
Anger, and the Perpetration of Intimate Partner and General Violeance Among
Women Arrested for Domestic Violence. Journal
of Interpersonal Violence. 2011; 26(13):2681-2697.
Abstract: The problem
of domestic violence
is widespread, with research indicating men and women both perpetrate a
substantial amount of aggression. However, aggression perpetrated by women is a
relatively understudied area compared to aggression perpetrated by men.
Additionally, research is needed to determine the correlates of aggression
perpetration among women, as this can inform more effective treatment programs.
Thus, the current study sought to examine the association between trait anger
and impulsivity and the perpetration of physical and psychological intimate
partner violence (IPV) and general aggression
among women arrested for domestic violence (N = 80). Findings indicated that both trait
anger and impulsivity were significantly associated with aggression
perpetration and trait anger mediated the relationship between impulsivity and
aggression perpetration. Directions for future research and violence intervention programs are discussed.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
Farnsworth E. Older Women and Intimate Partner Violence: Effective
Intervention. Journal of Interpersonal
Violence. 2011; 26(14):2929-2942.
Abstract: Women above
the age of 60 who have experienced intimate partner violence
(IPV) have specific needs compared with younger victims. More research is
emerging that assists counselors and other helping professionals with
identification of these needs and aids to promote the mental health and
well-being of this population. Professionals must consider the generational
values held by older IPV victims and understand how values may impact decision
making. Integrating safety planning and risk assessment into the counseling
process is vital. Older IPV victims may seek counseling for posttraumatic
stress or depressive symptoms as a result of the abuse. Others may participate
in counseling for issues unrelated to IPV. Therefore, a thorough assessment
process should include questions related to relationship dynamics so that the counselor
has a complete understanding of all factors impacting the client's functioning.
Helping professionals must also have an understanding of available community
resources, as well as barriers that these clients face as they take steps
toward recovery from trauma. This research uses qualitative analysis of case
studies to assist helping professionals in understanding the most effective
interventions when working with this population. We found that a contextual
approach focusing on the restoration of self-confidence is a constructive means
of initiating recovery from trauma.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
Moraes CL, da
Silva TDT, Reichenheim ME, Azevedo GL, et al. Physical violence between
intimate partners during pregnancy and postpartum: a prediction model for use
in primary health care facilities. Paediatric
and Preinatel Epidemiology. 2011; 25(5): 478-486.
Abstract: This article
offers a simple predictive model of physical intimate partner violence (PIPV) to be used by primary health care (PHC)
professionals. The sample comprised 811 mothers of children <5 months old
attending PHC facilities in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A multinomial logit model
was used. Measured by the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales, PIPV was classified
in three levels (absence, at least one episode during pregnancy or postpartum,
and presence in both periods). Socio-economic, demographic and life style
variables were considered as potential predictors. Maternal age <20 years,
an education of <8 years of schooling, raising >2 children under 5,
tobacco smoking, alcohol misuse and illicit drug use by the mother and/or
partner, and perception of baby's ill-health were identified as predictors of
PIPV. The model-projected prevalence of PIPV for pregnancy and/or postpartum
was just 10.1% in the absence of these characteristics, whereas this increased
to 96.4% when all the seven characteristics were present. Child, maternal and
family characteristics greatly increase the likelihood of PIPV and could be
used together as screening indicators.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
Selic P, Pesjak K,
Kersnik H. The prevalence of exposure to domestic violence and the factors
associated with co-occurrence of psychological and physical violence exposure:
a sample from primary care patients. BMC
Public Health. 2011; 11:621
Abstract: Background: Since many health problems
are associated with abuse and neglect at all ages, domestic
violence victims may be considered as a group of
primary care patients in need of special attention.
Methods: The aim of this multi-centre
study was to assess the prevalence of domestic violence in primary care patients, and to identify those
factors which influence the co-occurrence of psychological and physical violence exposure and their consequences (physical,
sexual and reproductive and psychological) as obtained from medical records. A
study was carried out in 28 family practices in Slovenia in 2009. Twenty-eight
family physicians approached every fifth family practice attendee, regardless
of gender, to be interviewed about their exposure to domestic
violence and asked to specify the perpetrator and
the frequency. Out of 840 patients asked, 829 individuals, 61.0% women (n =
506) and 39.0% men (n = 323) were assessed (98.7% response rate). They
represented a randomised sample of general practice attendees, aged 18 years
and above, who had visited their physician for health problems and who were
given a physical examination. Visits for administrative purposes were excluded.
Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was used to determine the
factors associated with exposure to both psychological and physical violence.
Results: Of 829 patients, 15.3%
reported some type of domestic violence experienced during the previous five years;
5.9% reported physical and 9.4% psychological violence;
of these 19.2% of men and 80.8% of women had been exposed to psychological violence, while 22.4% of men and 77.6% of women had been
exposed to physical violence. The domestic violence victims
were mostly women (p < 0.001) aged up to 35 years (p = 0.001). Exposure to
psychological violence was more prevalent than
exposure to physical violence. Of the women, 20.0%
were exposed to either type of violence, compared
to 8.0% of male participants, who reported they were rarely exposed to physical
violence, while women reported often or constant
exposure to physical violence. Their partners were
mostly the perpetrators of domestic violence towards women, while amongst men the
perpetrators were mostly other family members. In univariate analysis female
gender was shown to be a risk factor for domestic violence exposure. Regression modelling, explaining 40%
of the variance, extracted two factors associated with psychological and
physical violence exposure: the abuse of alcohol
in the patient (OR 4.7; 95% CI 1.54-14.45) and their unemployment (OR 13.3; 95%
Conclusions: As far as the study
design permits, the identified factors associated with both psychological and
physical violence exposure could serve as
determinants to raise family physicians' awareness when exploring the
prevalence of domestic violence.
The results of previous research, showing at least 15% prevalence of exposure
to domestic violence
among primary care patients in Slovenia, and the female gender as a risk
factor, were confirmed.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
FUNDING LINKS-SCHOLARSHIPS-RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES
2012 National Crime Victims’ Rights Week
Community Awareness Project
Association of VOCA Assistance Administrators and Office for Victims of Crime
will provide a competitive funding opportunity which provides 60 local
communities with up to $5,000 reimbursement for costs associated with public
awareness activities during National Crime Victim’s Rights Week. This
initiative, known as NCVRW Community
Awareness Project has enhanced the ability of more than 420 communities
throughout the United States to raise awareness about victims’ rights and
services among the general public. Applications must be received no later than
October 25. For more information and to apply, click here.
Community Impact Grant Programs
Grants, up to
$5,000, are available to registered 501(c)(3) nonprofit organizations, public
schools or tax-exempt public service agencies in the U.S. that are using the
power of volunteers to improve the physical health of their community. Grants
are given in the form of The Home Depot gift cards for the purchase of tools,
materials, or services. Proposals will be accepted through October 31. For more
information, click here.
Call for Essays: Special Issue “Human
Rights Education Praxis”
Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice is an international journal distributed
in more than 50 nations. They are
seeking essays on their special issue, “Human Rights Education Praxis” which
explores the role of Human Rights Education in promoting both a more mainstream
understanding of human rights as put forth by the UDHR and international
instruments, and new emerging meaning of human rights specific to the unique
conditions of communities around the world, in effort toward justice and
equity. For more information and to
submit an essay, click here.
Call for Papers: Sexual Cultures- Theory,
Practice, Research Conference
conference, co-hosted by the Onscenity Research Network and the School of Arts
and the School of Social Sciences at Brunel university, will take place on
April 20-22, 2012 at Brunel University , London, UK. They are looking for
panels and roundtable discussion, papers, short “ignite” papers, and posters.
Deadline for the submission of proposals is October 31. For more information
about the conference and the guidelines for submission, click here.
Call for Contributors- Encyclopedia of
need for Encyclopedia of Domestic Abuse,
a multi-volume examination of domestic abuse across the globe. Contributers are
welcome from all discipline areas. A total of 165 topics will be included in
the set, addressing measurement of domestic violence, regional statistics,
impacted groups, relevant legislation, educational programming and much more.
Entried range from 1,000-3,000 words and should use current information to
inform general readers about the assigned topic. For more information and to
contact the editor, click here.
JOB AND INTERNSHIP LISTINGS
Statewide Domestic Violence Hotline
Advocate- Tallahassee, FL
will provide crisis intervention, information and referral, and ongoing
advocacy to survivors of domestic violence who call Florida’s toll-free
statewide domestic violence hotline. For more information or to apply, click here.
Domestic Violence Caseworkers- Concord, CA
Families Free of Violence is seeking one full time bilingual (Spanish/English)
domestic violence caseworker and one part time domestic violence caseworker.
Caseworkers provide outreach, oversight and support for adults and children who
are impacted by domestic violence. For more information, click here.
Caseworker- Bay City, MI
The Bay Area Women’s Center is looking for a full time caseworker to
provide residential families with crisis intervention, counseling, mentoring ,
advocacy, and group services . For more information, click here.
Domestic Violence Health Technician-
is located with Pinon Health Center, Health Promotion and Disease Program in
Pinon, Arizona. The technician will assist in organizing and working with the
health/community teams to plan, develop and implement domestic violence
prevention initiative programs that meet the needs of the public and schools in
the Pinon service area. For more information, click here.
Services Outreach Advocate- Des Moines, IA
Children and Families of Iowa is seeking a full time
outreach advocate who would provide crisis intervention, advocacy, support
services, and referrals to current and potential non-shelter clients who are
victims of domestic violence. For more information, click here.