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October 2011

October is National Domestic Violence Awareness Month. Domestic violence is a health care issue of epidemic proportions. The U.S. Department of Justice reports that 37 percent of all women who sought care in hospital emergency rooms for violence-related injuries were injured by a current or former spouse, boyfriend or girlfriend. Abused women experience a 50-70% increase in gynecological, central nervous system, and stress-related problems. Medical studies have also linked the long term effects of domestic violence and abuse with health problems including diabetes, obesity, and eating disorders. While doctors and nurses routinely screen for high blood pressure and high cholesterol, too few screen for domestic violence.  This puts health care providers in a unique position to help victims of abuse if they know how to detect domestic violence and provide victims with referrals and support.  To read more about the many health effects of domestic violence, view Making the Connection: Intimate Partner Violence and Public Health.

There are different ways you can help bring awareness to domestic violence not only this month, but all year long. Find out what you can do at your school, clinic, and community by reading the features below. Read our online fact sheets to learn more about the issue and take a look at our online catalog of materials to support your campus activities.  Let me know what you’re planning on your campus for October and beyond by sending me an email:

Also, feel free to email me with any questions or to talk more about campus strategies to help raise awareness of domestic violence. If you would like to subscribe to this listserv, click here and be sure to check the box for “Student Health Network.”

Michelle Dalida
Futures Without Violence, formerly Family Violence Prevention Fund
Graduate Health Intern

Health Cares about Domestic Violence Day is October 12!

October 12 is the 13th annual Health Cares About Domestic Violence Day, a nationally recognized awareness-raising day that takes place on the second Wednesday of October each year. It is organized by Futures Without Violence, formerly Family Violence Prevention Fund. Educational sessions by—and for—the health care community will continue throughout October, Domestic Violence Awareness Month.

“Doctors, nurses and other health care providers can be virtual lifelines for victims of domestic, dating and sexual violence, but too often they do not provide all the help they could because they haven’t been trained to assess patients for abuse,” said Futures Without Violence President Esta Soler. “Health Cares About Domestic Violence Day is designed to help improve the health care system’s response to violence by giving medical professionals the information and support they need to help victims and their children.”

While women can suffer injuries from domestic, dating and sexual violence, it also causes long-lasting harm of other kinds. Physical and psychological abuse are linked to a wide range of health problems including: sexually transmitted infections (including HIV/AIDS); complications during pregnancy and unwanted pregnancy; arthritis; chronic neck, back and pelvic pain; substance abuse; migraine and other headaches; ulcers; and chronic irritable bowel syndrome.

There are many ways that you can provide leadership in your community on HCADV Day. Futures Without Violence is committed to helping you craft activities that best meet your interests, resources and time availability. Examples of past participation include hanging posters in waiting rooms that advertise local resource numbers; writing a newsletter article or an op ed for a local paper; committing to try routine assessment for one week; and inviting a speaker to conduct a brown bag lunch on domestic violence for staff. We encourage you to be creative!

Please let us know what you are doing on your campus so we can feature you in November’s listserv!

Purple Light Nights Campaign Statehouse Press Conference-Columbus, OH

Jewish Family Services, the Ohio Domestic Violence Network, and Representative Anne Gonzales will host this event on October 5 at 12 noon in the atrium of the statehouse. During the month of Octover, the LeVeque Tower and the AEP Skyband will be lit in purple and numerous precention and awareness activities will occur. The goal is to spark conversation and bring attention to the critical message of domestic violence. For additional information or to RSVP, contact Lisa Carroll at (614) 559-0124 or .

Southern Colorado Domestic Violence Symposium-Lethality Assessments: Saving Lives Through Education- Pueblo, CO
Teresa’s Place Visitation and Safe Exchange Program and Pueblo County are hosting this symposium on October 6 from 8am-5pm. Featured speakers include Dr. Jacquelyn Campbell and Lt. Matthew Murray. For more information on these speakers and the conference, click here.

Turning Points: Working with Women Who Use Violence- Minneapolis, MN
Turning Points is a training for group facilitators, therapists, advocates, and other interveners that work with women who use violence against their partners. This training and the Turning Points curriculum focuses on helping women understand the connections between the violence they experience and the violence they use. This training will be held on October 6-7 at the Greater Twin Cities United Way. Cost for the program is $250 per person.  To reserve a spot or to receive registration information, email .

HOPE in the Park
The San Diego Domestic Violence Council is hosting a fun, family day at Balboa Park which celebrates healing, opportunities, prevention and education about domestic violence. There will be music, food, resource booths, Youth Zone, free t-shirts, and more! The event will take place on Saturday, October 8 from 1-7pm. For information on the event or to volunteer for the event, click here.
[Source: San Diego Domestic Violence Council]

Cooking for Love: Savor the Season 2011- West Hollywood, CA
Break the Cycle’s Cooking for Love has become one of the most talked about and well-attended events in Los Angeles. The event, which benefits Break the Cycle, will feature global cuisine by chef Gary Arabia and MC Mark DeCarlo. The event is on Sunday, October 9 from 6-9pm. For more information, click here.

West Virginia Coalition Against Domestic Violence 30th Anniversary Celebration- Charleston, WV
The West Virginia Coalition Against Domestic Violence celebrates its 20th anniversary with a special event on October 13 from 5:30-8:30pm at the West Virginia Culture Center.  WVCADV will recognize the vision of the founders and highlight the voices of survivors in recapping three decades of advocacy work. For more information, click here.

Breaking the Cycle of Violence: Screening, Intervention, and Survivorship
The University of California at San Francisco will be hosting their annual domestic violence conference on October 29 from 8:30am-5pm PST. The keynote speaker, Dr. Patricia Van Horn, will discuss the impact of domestic violence on child development. Breakout sessions will also cover topics on teen dating violence, elder abuse, immigration and deportation, homelessness,  and prison and domestic violence. To register for this conference, click here.
[Source: Narges Alipanah]

Lipsky S, Caetano R, Roy-Byrne P. Triple jeopardy: impact of partner violence perpetration, mental health and substance use on perceived unmet need for mental health care among men. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2011; 46(9): 843-852.

Objectives: To examine the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration, serious mental illness, and substance use and perceived unmet need for mental health treatment in the past year among men in the general population using the behavioral model for health-care use (Aday and Anderson in Health Serv Res 9:208-220, 1974; Andersen in A behavioral model of families' use of health services, 1968; Andersen in Med Care 46:647-653, 2008).
: Non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white males aged 18-49 years and cohabiting with a spouse/partner were included in this analysis of the 2002 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Adjusted odds ratios (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using logistic regression.
Results: The proportion of men reporting unmet treatment need was greater among IPV perpetrators than nonperpetrators (12.1 vs. 3.4%, respectively). Hazardous drinking, illicit drug use, alcohol and drug abuse/dependence, and SMI were also more common among perpetrators. Perpetrators were twice as likely to report unmet need for treatment after taking predisposing, enabling, and need factors into account (AOR 2.00, CI 1.13-3.55). Alcohol abuse/dependence (AOR 2.96, CI 1.79-4.90), drug abuse/dependence (AOR, 1.79, CI 1.01-3.17), substance abuse treatment (AOR 3.09, CI 1.18-8.09), and SMI (AOR 8.46, CI 5.53-12.94) were independently associated with perceived unmet need for treatment.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that men who perpetrate IPV are at increased risk of perceived unmet need for mental health care. This study also emphasizes the need to identify substance use disorders and mental health problems among IPV perpetrators identified in health, social service, or criminal justice settings. Further research should address barriers to care specific to men who perpetrate IPV beyond economic factors.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]

Sippel LM, Marshall AD. Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, intimate partner violence perpetration, and the mediating rold of shame processing bias. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 2011; 25(7): 903-910.
: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may produce internal "threats to the self," which generate shame. Shame is theoretically and empirically linked to intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration. We examined relations among PTSD, cognitive processing of shame-relevant information, and IPV perpetration. Forty-seven community participants completed an emotional Stroop task with shame-relevant and neutral words. Stimuli were presented supraliminally (i.e., until vocal response) and subliminally (i.e., below an individualized threshold of conscious awareness). Facilitated color-naming of shame-relevant words (thought to reflect congruence between shame and self-schemas) mediated the relation between PTSD severity and IPV perpetration frequency. Mediation results for subliminal stimuli suggest that biased processing of shame cues may occur preconsciously and potentially catalyze processes (i.e., expectations of rejection in ambiguous situations with one's partner; avoidance that minimizes discomfort and protects self-image) that lead to IPV perpetration. Psychotherapeutic approaches to PTSD and IPV should consider the role of facilitated processing of shame cues.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]

Shorey RC, Brasfield H, Febres J, Stuart GL. The Association Between Impulsivity, Trait Anger, and the Perpetration of Intimate Partner and General Violeance Among Women Arrested for Domestic Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2011; 26(13):2681-2697.
: The problem of domestic violence is widespread, with research indicating men and women both perpetrate a substantial amount of aggression. However, aggression perpetrated by women is a relatively understudied area compared to aggression perpetrated by men. Additionally, research is needed to determine the correlates of aggression perpetration among women, as this can inform more effective treatment programs. Thus, the current study sought to examine the association between trait anger and impulsivity and the perpetration of physical and psychological intimate partner violence (IPV) and general aggression among women arrested for domestic violence (N = 80). Findings indicated that both trait anger and impulsivity were significantly associated with aggression perpetration and trait anger mediated the relationship between impulsivity and aggression perpetration. Directions for future research and violence intervention programs are discussed.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]

Tetterton S, Farnsworth E. Older Women and Intimate Partner Violence: Effective Intervention. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2011; 26(14):2929-2942.
: Women above the age of 60 who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) have specific needs compared with younger victims. More research is emerging that assists counselors and other helping professionals with identification of these needs and aids to promote the mental health and well-being of this population. Professionals must consider the generational values held by older IPV victims and understand how values may impact decision making. Integrating safety planning and risk assessment into the counseling process is vital. Older IPV victims may seek counseling for posttraumatic stress or depressive symptoms as a result of the abuse. Others may participate in counseling for issues unrelated to IPV. Therefore, a thorough assessment process should include questions related to relationship dynamics so that the counselor has a complete understanding of all factors impacting the client's functioning. Helping professionals must also have an understanding of available community resources, as well as barriers that these clients face as they take steps toward recovery from trauma. This research uses qualitative analysis of case studies to assist helping professionals in understanding the most effective interventions when working with this population. We found that a contextual approach focusing on the restoration of self-confidence is a constructive means of initiating recovery from trauma.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]

Moraes CL, da Silva TDT, Reichenheim ME, Azevedo GL, et al. Physical violence between intimate partners during pregnancy and postpartum: a prediction model for use in primary health care facilities. Paediatric and Preinatel Epidemiology. 2011; 25(5): 478-486.
: This article offers a simple predictive model of physical intimate partner violence (PIPV) to be used by primary health care (PHC) professionals. The sample comprised 811 mothers of children <5 months old attending PHC facilities in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A multinomial logit model was used. Measured by the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales, PIPV was classified in three levels (absence, at least one episode during pregnancy or postpartum, and presence in both periods). Socio-economic, demographic and life style variables were considered as potential predictors. Maternal age <20 years, an education of <8 years of schooling, raising >2 children under 5, tobacco smoking, alcohol misuse and illicit drug use by the mother and/or partner, and perception of baby's ill-health were identified as predictors of PIPV. The model-projected prevalence of PIPV for pregnancy and/or postpartum was just 10.1% in the absence of these characteristics, whereas this increased to 96.4% when all the seven characteristics were present. Child, maternal and family characteristics greatly increase the likelihood of PIPV and could be used together as screening indicators.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]

Selic P, Pesjak K, Kersnik H. The prevalence of exposure to domestic violence and the factors associated with co-occurrence of psychological and physical violence exposure: a sample from primary care patients. BMC Public Health. 2011; 11:621
: Background: Since many health problems are associated with abuse and neglect at all ages, domestic violence victims may be considered as a group of primary care patients in need of special attention.
: The aim of this multi-centre study was to assess the prevalence of domestic violence in primary care patients, and to identify those factors which influence the co-occurrence of psychological and physical violence exposure and their consequences (physical, sexual and reproductive and psychological) as obtained from medical records. A study was carried out in 28 family practices in Slovenia in 2009. Twenty-eight family physicians approached every fifth family practice attendee, regardless of gender, to be interviewed about their exposure to domestic violence and asked to specify the perpetrator and the frequency. Out of 840 patients asked, 829 individuals, 61.0% women (n = 506) and 39.0% men (n = 323) were assessed (98.7% response rate). They represented a randomised sample of general practice attendees, aged 18 years and above, who had visited their physician for health problems and who were given a physical examination. Visits for administrative purposes were excluded. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was used to determine the factors associated with exposure to both psychological and physical violence.
Results: Of 829 patients, 15.3% reported some type of domestic violence experienced during the previous five years; 5.9% reported physical and 9.4% psychological violence; of these 19.2% of men and 80.8% of women had been exposed to psychological violence, while 22.4% of men and 77.6% of women had been exposed to physical violence. The domestic violence victims were mostly women (p < 0.001) aged up to 35 years (p = 0.001). Exposure to psychological violence was more prevalent than exposure to physical violence. Of the women, 20.0% were exposed to either type of violence, compared to 8.0% of male participants, who reported they were rarely exposed to physical violence, while women reported often or constant exposure to physical violence. Their partners were mostly the perpetrators of domestic violence towards women, while amongst men the perpetrators were mostly other family members. In univariate analysis female gender was shown to be a risk factor for domestic violence exposure. Regression modelling, explaining 40% of the variance, extracted two factors associated with psychological and physical violence exposure: the abuse of alcohol in the patient (OR 4.7; 95% CI 1.54-14.45) and their unemployment (OR 13.3; 95% CI 1.53-116.45).
Conclusions: As far as the study design permits, the identified factors associated with both psychological and physical violence exposure could serve as determinants to raise family physicians' awareness when exploring the prevalence of domestic violence. The results of previous research, showing at least 15% prevalence of exposure to domestic violence among primary care patients in Slovenia, and the female gender as a risk factor, were confirmed.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]

2012 National Crime Victims’ Rights Week Community Awareness Project

The National Association of VOCA Assistance Administrators and Office for Victims of Crime will provide a competitive funding opportunity which provides 60 local communities with up to $5,000 reimbursement for costs associated with public awareness activities during National Crime Victim’s Rights Week. This initiative, known as NCVRW  Community Awareness Project has enhanced the ability of more than 420 communities throughout the United States to raise awareness about victims’ rights and services among the general public. Applications must be received no later than October 25. For more information and to apply, click here.

Community Impact Grant Programs
Grants, up to $5,000, are available to registered 501(c)(3) nonprofit organizations, public schools or tax-exempt public service agencies in the U.S. that are using the power of volunteers to improve the physical health of their community. Grants are given in the form of The Home Depot gift cards for the purchase of tools, materials, or services. Proposals will be accepted through October 31. For more information, click here.

Call for Essays: Special Issue “Human Rights Education Praxis”
Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice
is an international journal distributed in more than 50 nations.  They are seeking essays on their special issue, “Human Rights Education Praxis” which explores the role of Human Rights Education in promoting both a more mainstream understanding of human rights as put forth by the UDHR and international instruments, and new emerging meaning of human rights specific to the unique conditions of communities around the world, in effort toward justice and equity.  For more information and to submit an essay, click here.

Call for Papers: Sexual Cultures- Theory, Practice, Research Conference
This conference, co-hosted by the Onscenity Research Network and the School of Arts and the School of Social Sciences at Brunel university, will take place on April 20-22, 2012 at Brunel University , London, UK. They are looking for panels and roundtable discussion, papers, short “ignite” papers, and posters. Deadline for the submission of proposals is October 31. For more information about the conference and the guidelines for submission, click here.

Call for Contributors- Encyclopedia of Domestic Abuse
Contributors are need for Encyclopedia of Domestic Abuse, a multi-volume examination of domestic abuse across the globe. Contributers are welcome from all discipline areas. A total of 165 topics will be included in the set, addressing measurement of domestic violence, regional statistics, impacted groups, relevant legislation, educational programming and much more. Entried range from 1,000-3,000 words and should use current information to inform general readers about the assigned topic. For more information and to contact the editor, click here.

Statewide Domestic Violence Hotline Advocate- Tallahassee, FL

The advocate will provide crisis intervention, information and referral, and ongoing advocacy to survivors of domestic violence who call Florida’s toll-free statewide domestic violence hotline. For more information or to apply, click here.

Domestic Violence Caseworkers- Concord, CA
STAND! For Families Free of Violence is seeking one full time bilingual (Spanish/English) domestic violence caseworker and one part time domestic violence caseworker. Caseworkers provide outreach, oversight and support for adults and children who are impacted by domestic violence. For more information, click here.

Domestic Violence Caseworker- Bay City, MI
The Bay Area Women’s Center is looking for a full time caseworker to provide residential families with crisis intervention, counseling, mentoring , advocacy, and group services . For more information, click here.

Domestic Violence Health Technician- Chinle, AZ
This position is located with Pinon Health Center, Health Promotion and Disease Program in Pinon, Arizona. The technician will assist in organizing and working with the health/community teams to plan, develop and implement domestic violence prevention initiative programs that meet the needs of the public and schools in the Pinon service area. For more information, click here.

Domestic Violence Services Outreach Advocate- Des Moines, IA
Children and Families of Iowa is seeking a full time outreach advocate who would provide crisis intervention, advocacy, support services, and referrals to current and potential non-shelter clients who are victims of domestic violence. For more information, click here.

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Futures Without Violence
100 Montgomery Street, The Presidio
San Francisco, CA 94129-1718
tel: 415.678.5500 | fax: 415-529-2930
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