Futures Without Violence, formerly Family Violence Prevention Fund
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Group of Doctors- Listserv

July 2011

Intimate Partner Violence has a profound impact on the health of victims. Although it is important to address the needs of victims, it is also important to try to prevent the violence from occurring. In the recently released National Prevention Strategy, the federal government recommended providing individuals and families with the knowledge, skills, and tools to make safe choices that prevent violence and injuries with strategies including school-based programs to prevent teen dating violence and intimate partner violence prevention efforts. July is a good time to start brainstorming how you can integrate programs in your community, school, or curriculum that addresses intimate partner violence. Read our online fact sheets to learn more about the domestic violence issues and take a look at our online catalog of materials to support your campus activities.  Let me know what you’re planning on your campus by sending me an email: healthintern1@futureswithoutviolence.

Also, feel free to email me with any questions or to talk more about campus strategies to help raise awareness of domestic violence. If you would like to subscribe to this listserv, click here and be sure to check the box for “Student Health Network.”

Michelle Dalida
Graduate Health Intern
Futures Without Violence, formerly Family Violence Prevention Fund

Futures Without Violence Shapes New National Prevention Strategy

The United States Surgeon General Dr. Regina Benjamin released the first ever National Prevention Strategy, a provision of last year’s health care reform legislation dedicated to improving American’s health and well-being and containing health care costs. The strategy included key recommendations put forward by Futures Without Violence, home to the National Health Resource Center on Domestic Violence, on the importance of addressing domestic and dating violence, sexual assault and children’s exposure to violence as a necessary component of improving health.

Futures Without Violence President Esta Soler testified during a national meeting at the Department of Health and Human Services in October during National Domestic Violence Awareness Month on the impact of violence and abuse on health and earlier this year Futures Without Violence Public Policy and Advocacy Director Kiersten Stewart was asked to testify at a public hearing in Washington, D.C. on the initial set of recommendations put forward for the Strategy. 

“We are pleased to see the National Prevention Strategy include addressing domestic and sexual violence and children’s exposure to violence as a critical element in our nation’s effort to improve the health and well-being of American families,” said Soler. “But now our real work begins --- seeing to it that this strategy is turned into action and that the government funds and implements the programs necessary to accomplish these goals.” 

On average, one in four women in America will experience domestic violence and more than 15 million children witness this abuse annually. Close to 500 women, girls and boys are sexually assaulted in this country daily. Injuries associated with violence and abuse cost our nation more than $8 billion annually and one estimate suggests that violence and abuse could account for up to 1/3 of health care costs when chronic health conditions are included. Review the National Prevention Strategy.

Webinar: Addressing the Myths of False Reporting of Rape

The Colorado Coalition Against Sexual Assault is hosting this webinar which is presented by Matt Atkinson of Oklahoma Coalition Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault. This workshop examines the tactics used to disparage victims’ reports, and will offer critical rebuttal of the flawed research and methods favored by skeptics. It will also offer tips on how to respond to critics and skeptics during community outreach dialogues. The webinar is on Wednesday, July 6 at 12-1:30pm MST and registration is $10. For more information and to register, click here.

Webinar: Supporting Survivors of Exonerations
The National Center for Victims of Crime is hosting this free webinar presented by Monica Urbaniak, LMFT-S, sexual assault therapist for the Dallas Area Rape Crisis Center. Ms.Urbaniak will share her experience working with survivors in cases that result in DNA (and other) exonerations and provide tips and tools for providing support throughout the post-conviction and exoneration process. The webinar is on July 7 at 1pm ET. For more information and to register, click here.

Webinar: Advocating for Sexual Assault Survivors in Housing Issues
The Texas Association Against Sexual Assault is hosting this free webinar presented by their Staff Attorney Chris Kaiser. He will discuss how sexual assault disrupts many aspects of a survivor’s life, including her or his living situation. This webinar will highlight commonly encountered housing issues, important state and federal housing laws, as well as non-legal strategies to assist survivors. The webinar will be held on July 20 from 11am-12pm Central. To register, click here.

Conference: Asian & Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence 2011 National Summit
The Asian & Pacific Islander Institute is hosting their National Summit on “From Gender Violence to Gender Democracy: What Will It Take?” The goal of the conference is to engage advocates serving Asians, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders, their organizations, and allies to build the architecture of gender democracy by addressing violence against women and sexism. Registration for this conference has been extended to July 4. The conference will be held in San Francisco from July 24-26. For more information and to register, click here.

Yount KM, DiFirolamo AM, Ramakrishnan U. Impacts of domestic violence on child growth and nutrition: A conceptual review of the pathways of influence. Social Science and Medicine. 2011;72(9):1534-1554.

: Domestic violence against women is a global problem, and young children are disproportionate witnesses. Children's exposure to domestic violence (CEDV) predicts poorer health and development, but its effects on nutrition and growth are understudied. We propose a conceptual framework for the pathways by which domestic violence against mothers may impair child growth and nutrition, prenatally and during the first 36 months of life. We synthesize literatures from multiple disciplines and critically review the evidence for each pathway. Our review exposes gaps in knowledge and opportunities for research. The framework also identifies interim strategies to mitigate the effects of CEDV on child growth and nutrition. Given the global burden of child malnutrition and its long-term effects on human-capital formation, improving child growth and nutrition may be another reason to prevent domestic violence and its cascading after-effects.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]

Rhatigan DL, Stewart C, Moore TM. Effects of Gender and Confrontation on Attributions of Female-Perpetrated Intimate Partner Violence. Sex Roles. 2011;64(11-12):875-887.
: The present study examined the effects of perpetrator gender, victim confrontation, observer gender, and observer exposure to violence on attributions of blame and responsibility for partner violence. Data were collected from 728 college-aged students enrolled at two southeastern universities in the United States. Results demonstrated gendered biases among both male and female respondents. Men and women attributed less responsibility and blame to female perpetrators than male perpetrators, especially if the perpetrator was provoked. Moreover, exposure to violence was important for predicting attributions, and some of the evidence for observer effects were reduced to non-significance once these variables were added to the model.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]

Chibber KS, Krishnan S. Confronting Intimate Partner Violence: A Global Health Priority. Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine. 2011;78(3):449-457.
: Intimate partner violence physical, psychological, or sexual abuse of women perpetrated by intimate partners is one of the most common forms of violence against women, and is associated with adverse women's reproductive and maternal health outcomes. We review the opportunities for addressing intimate partner violence by the health system, examine promising approaches, and outline future challenges for developing effective health-systems responses to violence. Evidence shows that women seldom approach support services in response to violence, but do seek health care at some point in their lives. In fact, women's utilization of reproductive-health services in particular has been increasing globally. These services have a broad reach and represent an important opportunity to engage in violence prevention. Although health systems based responses to intimate partner violence have emerged, rigorous evaluations to guide program planning and policy efforts to reduce violence are limited. Programs in the United States have expanded from improving individual provider prevention practices to instituting system-wide changes to ensure sustainability of these practices. Developing-country program responses, though limited, have been system-wide and multi-sectoral right from the start. Our review highlights 3 challenges for developing and expanding health-systems responses to violence. First, interventions should focus on creating a supportive environment within the health system and strengthening linkages across health care and allied sectors. Second, rigorous evaluations of health sector based interventions are needed for a sound evidence base to guide programmatic and policy decisions. Finally, research is needed to identify the entry points for engaging men on violence prevention, and to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of such interventions.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]

Gartland D, Hemphill SA, Hegarty K, Brown SJ. Intimate Partner Violence During Pregnancy and the First Year Postpartum in an Australian Pregnancy Cohort Study. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2011;15(5):570-578.
: To assess intimate partner violence (IPV) in a longitudinal cohort study during and after pregnancy, and examine social and economic factors encouraging or inhibiting violence. Nulliparous women were recruited from 6 public hospitals in Melbourne, Australia. Self-administered questionnaires included standardised measures assessing fear of an intimate partner at enrolment, 6 and 12 months postpartum; and period prevalence of physical and emotional abuse in the first 12 months postpartum. 1,507 women completed baseline data (mean gestation 15 weeks). Response fractions at 3, 6 and 12 months postpartum were 95, 93 and 90%, respectively. 5.1 and 5.4% of women reported fear in pregnancy and the first year postpartum, respectively. 17% experienced physical and/or emotional abuse in the first year postpartum. Most women who reported fear of an intimate partner in the first year after the index birth reported fear before and/or during pregnancy. Women working in early pregnancy who qualified for paid maternity leave had significantly reduced odds of reporting combined physical and emotional IPV in the first 12 months postpartum compared with women not working (Adj. OR 0.21, 95% CI 0.08-0.55). Women working but not eligible for paid leave had reduced odds compared with women not working (Adj. OR 0.49, 95% CI 0.24-1.00). Models adjusted for maternal age, relationship status, income and education level. Few first time mothers reported fear for the first time after childbirth suggesting that IPV more commonly commences prior to the first birth. Paid maternity leave may have broader social benefits beyond immediate financial benefits to women and families.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]

Savas N, Agridag G. The Relationship Between Women’s Mental Health and Domestic Violence in Semirural Areas: A Study in Turkey. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health. 2011;23(3):399-407.
: The authors examine the relationship between emotional disorders and domestic violence (DV) in 395 women of different ethnicities in Turkey. PRIME MD (Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders) was used for diagnosis. This is a cross-sectional and epidemiological research. Results showed that the prevalence of emotional disorders, anxiety, and somatoform disorders was 22.8%, 24.8%, and 16.9%, respectively. The mean DV score was 2.98 +/- 1.32 over 10.00. DV scores were higher when women did not want to get married or did not have their family's blessing for marriage. Observed scores were also high for civil marriage cases, or when women had a job, had low income, or were afraid of their husbands (P < .05). The number of comorbid diagnoses increased with increase in DV scores (P < .001). Mean DV scores were higher for women diagnosed with major depression, partial remission or recurrence of major depression, panic disorder, and common anxiety (P < .05). The authors recommend that if physicians suspect any emotional disorders in women in primary care, they should evaluate for DV.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]

Funding Opportunity: Family Violence Prevention and Service Discretionary Grants: National and Special Issue Resource Centers

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Family and Youth Services Bureau is offering this funding opportunity to support a nationwide network composed of National Resource Centers, Special Issues Resource Centers, and Culturally Specific Special Issue Resource Centers focused on the intervention and prevention of family violence, domestic violence, and dating violence. The network will consist of one National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV), one National Indian Resource Center Addressing Domestic Violence and Safety for Indian Women(NIRC), three Culturally Specific Special Issue Resource Centers (CSIRC), and at least four Special Issue Resource Centers (SIRC). These Resource Centers will provide information, resources, training, and technical assistance to improve the capacity of individuals, organizations, governmental agencies, local communities, Tribes, and tribal organizations to prevent family violence, domestic violence, and dating violence and to provide effective intervention services. The due date for this application is July 15. For more information and to apply, click here.

Call for Workshops: Nuestras Voces/Our Voices- National Bilingual Sexual Assault Conference
Arte Sana Victim Advocacy SIN Fronteras is looking for workshop proposals for their Nuestras Voces (Our Voices) 2011 National Conference. Native and fluent Spanish-speaking trainers and direct service victim advocates who have implemented effective programs in Spanish are encouraged to submit workshop proposals. The submission deadline is July 8. For more information, click here.

Call for Abstracts: Unity Through Diversity: Living at the Intersections- National Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender People of Color Health Summit
Unity Through Diversity is now accepting abstract applications for their 2011 National LGBT People of Color Health Summit. The focus of this conference is Living at the Intersections. As a result of the complex interplay among the intersections of different identities and communities of LGBT People of Color, particular attention and respect must be paid to the multiplicities that exist in people’s lives. The deadline for abstracts is July 13. To apply, click here.

Call for Posters:  16th Annual Conference on Violence, Abuse & Trauma: Linking Research, Policy and Practice
The Institute on Violence, Abuse and Trauma is hosting their 16th Annual conference and are seeking poster proposals. Topic tracks span intimate partner violence, child maltreatment, children exposed to violence, at risk youth, criminal justice issues, sexual assault, people with disabilities, treatment of victims and offenders, elder abuse, trauma, and more. For more information and to submit a proposal, click here.

Summer Intern-Asian/Pacific Islander Domestic Violence Resource Project-Washington, DC

The intern will provide assistance to DVRP’s Advocates Program, Community Outreach Program, and the Board of Directors. For more information and to apply for this program, click here.

Bilingual Clinician-Domestic Violence Center of Howard County-Columbia, MD
The bilingual therapist will provide individual and group therapy to clients impacted by domestic violence and/or sexual assault. For more information and to apply, click here.

Domestic Violence Shelter Supervisor-Catholic Charities Community Services- Phoenix, AZ
The Domestic Violence Shelter Supervisor will provide direct supervision to the shelter staff and to perform related administrative duties. For more information and to apply, click here.

Advocate- Domestic Violence Intervention Services- Tulsa, OK
An advocate is needed to perform intakes, handle the crisis line, and oversee client care. This position is for nights and weekends only. For more information and to apply, click here.

Public Education Coordinator/Medical Advocate-Domestic Violence Services of Cumberland and Perry- Carlisle, PA
The Coordinator will oversee development and delivery of domestic violence education/prevention programs for schools, community groups and professional organizations. To learn more about this position and to apply, click here.

Domestic Violence Family Counselor-The Providence House- Shreveport, LA
The Domestic Violence Counselor is responsible for providing for counseling and empowering battered women and their children to make choices that result in safe, independent and violence-free lives. For more information on this position, click here.

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Futures Without Violence
100 Montgomery Street, The Presidio
San Francisco, CA 94129-1718
tel: 415.678.5500 | fax: 415-529-2930
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