April is Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month.
One in four U.S. women report experiencing physical and/or sexual intimate
partner violence in their lifetime. Sexual assault is a dynamic of intimate
partner violence which, in turn, can directly impact a woman’s reproductive and
sexual health—increasing risk for unintended pregnancies and abortions,
miscarriage, and HIV/AIDS infection.
There are different ways you can help bring awareness to
domestic violence not only this month, but all year long. Find out what you can
do at your school, clinic, and community by reading the features below. Read
our online fact
sheets to learn more about the issue and take a look at our online catalog of materials
to support your campus activities. Let me know what you’re planning on
your campus for April and beyond by sending me an email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Also, feel free to email me with any questions or to talk
more about campus strategies to help raise awareness of domestic violence. If
you would like to subscribe to this listserv, click here
and be sure to check the box for “Student Health Network.”
Family Violence Prevention Fund
Graduate Health Intern
Are you interested in getting involved with the Sexual
Assault Awareness and Prevention Month campaign? Check out the National Sexual
Violence Resource Center’s 2011 national Sexual Assault Awareness Month (SAAM)
campaign. Download resources
and purchase products related
to SAAM and help bring awareness of the health impacts of sexual assault to
Lunch Briefing on Violence
and Abuse: How Public Health Can Help Prevent and Respond- Washington D.C.
The National Health Collaborative on Violence and Abuse
will host a Congressional lunch briefing with Senator Tom Harkin and
Congresswoman Louise Slaughter on “Violence and Abuse: How Public Health Can
Help Prevent and Respond” on Thursday, April 7 from 12pm-1:30pm in the U.S.
Capitol Visitors Center, Room House 201. For more information about this event,
Sixth Annual Walk For Change- Boston, MA
Walk to raise money for the Boston Area Rape Crisis
Center! The walk will be held at Canal Park in Cambridge on Sunday, April 10 at
11am. Registration begins at 9:30am. To register for the event, click here.
Conference on Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence and Stalking- Chicago, IL
End Violence Against Women International is hosting the
2011 International Conference on Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence and Stalking
in Chicago on April 11-13. Join fellow
law enforcement personnel, victim advocates, rape crisis workers, and medical
personnel in this conference highlighting promising practices and emerging
issues in sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking. For more
information, click here.
and Its Impact on the Developing Child- Houston, TX
The Texas Council on Family Violence, The Survivor
Caucus, and the Allied for Children and Teens are hosting the April 28 training
“Domestic Violence and Its Impact on The Developing Child” in Houston from
10am-3pm. This presentation will address some key issues related to the child’s
complex set of reactions that often follow traumatic events such as exposure to
violence at home, and how the adults in their lives can help them better
understand the traumatic event and the ways we respond to the trauma. For more information and to register for this
event, click here.
CURRENT NEWS AND
Hewitt, LN et al
(2011) “The Secrets Women Kepp: Intimate Partner Violence Screening in the
Female Trauma Patient.” Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection and Critical Care,
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is the leading cause of serious injury
and the second leading cause of death among reproductive age women in America,
effective screening is difficult. Our institution currently screens for IPV
during the floor intake assessment by having a registered nurse (RN) ask three
unscripted questions about physical, verbal, and sexual abuse during a battery
of 81 questions. The patients are frequently in pain, medicated, distraught, or
intoxicated, and the RN is juggling multiple responsibilities. We also use a
protocol-driven alcohol abuse screen on every trauma admission known as
"Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral for Treatment" (SBIRT).
It is conducted by trained counselors when any effects of alcohol are gone in a
distraction-free setting after patients have had time to ruminate on their
admission. We hypothesized that linking the validated partner violence
screening (PVS) to SBIRT would result in higher rates of positive IPV screens
than after RN screens.
prospective trial was conducted at an urban Level I center. English-and
Spanish-speaking female trauma patients underwent the three-question,
nonvalidated RN-screen on floor arrival per the local standard of care. Before
discharge, they then underwent SBIRT screening per trauma service protocol,
after which SBIRT administered the PVS as our investigative intervention. All
screens were native language. SBIRT screeners were blinded to the results of
the earlier RN screen. If an SBIRT or RN screen was not performed for any
reason, it was categorized as a negative screen. Admissions to the surgical
intensive care unit had both screens delayed until floor transfer. McNemar's
exact test was used for paired categorical data and Fisher's exact test
otherwise. Significance was set at an alpha of 0.05.
Results: One hundred twenty-five consecutive female
inpatients (mean age, 40.9 years +/- 17.7 years; Injury Severity Score, 9.8 +/-
7.5) were enrolled, with 14 (11.2%) screening positive for one or both methods.
The SBIRT-linked screen was significantly better at detecting IPV than the RN
screen (p = 0.01). No association was found between the likelihood of giving a
discordant response to the two IPV screens and acute alcohol intoxication or
polysubstance abuse at the time of admission, being a Spanish-only speaker, or
if the initial admission was directly to the surgical intensive care unit.
Despite being mandatory on intake, 23 of 125 patients (18.4%) had no RN screen
performed, with 2 of these patients screening positive for IPV by SBIRT
Linking an IPV screen to an established alcohol abuse screen results in higher
rates of detection of IPV than screening by RNs at intake assessment. At our
institution, adoption of this practice should result in detecting and referring
similar to 85 additional female trauma inpatients per year for IPV services.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
Alio, AP et al
(2011) “Association between intimate partner violence and induced abortion in
Cameroon.” Internationa Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 112 (2): 83-87.
Abstract: Objective: To examine the association
between intimate partner
violence (IPV: physical, sexual, and emotional violence) and induced abortion in Cameroon. Methods: We used data from the 2004
Cameroon Demographic Health Survey (OHS) and hierarchic multivariate modeling
to compare the rates of induced abortion by IPV type. Results: In 2004, 2570 women were administered the domestic violence module of the OHS. Of those women, 126(4.9%)
reported having had at least 1 induced abortion. Cameroonian women reported
high rates of IPV: physical violence (995
[38.7%]); emotional violence (789 [30.7%]); and
sexual violence (381 [14.8%]). After adjusting for
covariates, physical and sexual IPV increased the risk for induced abortion,
whereas the association between emotional violence
and induced abortion was not significant in multivariate models. Conclusion: Given the increased risk for
maternal morbidity and mortality following unsafe induced abortions in
Cameroon, the association between induced abortion and IPV is of interest in
terms of public health. Programs targeted at preventing IPV might reduce the
rate of maternal morbidity and mortality.
[Source: Web of Knowledge]
FUNDING LINKS-SCHOLARSHIPS-RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES
Opportunity: STEP Program
The STEP Program, was created by the Violence Against Women Act
of 2005 to support middle and high schools to develop and implement effective
training, services, prevention strategies, policies, and coordinated community
responses for student victims of sexual assault, domestic violence, dating
violence and stalking. Funding will be provided by the Office on Violence
Against Women. The deadline for the application is April 6, 2011. For more
information on this opportunity, click here.
Opportunity: Research on Violence and Victimization Across the Life-Span
The National Institute of Justice and its Violence and
Victimization Research Division are looking for qualified applicants to conduct
research and evaluation on violence and victimization on basic research on the
causes and correlates of violence and victimization across the life span and
special topics in violence in victimization such as teen dating violence,
sexual violence, stalking, domestic violence and other topics. The application
deadline is April 6, 2011. For more information on this listing, click here.
JOB AND INTERNSHIP LISTINGS
Domestic Violence Advocate-SafeHouse Denver Counseling and
Advocacy Center- Denver, CO
The Domestic Violence Advocate
is responsible for carrying a full-time case load of individuals experiencing
abuse. The advocate will provide crisis intervention, client intake/assessment,
safety planning, advocacy/planning and case management services. For more
information and to apply to the position, click here.
Domestic Violence Advocate-Brigham and Women’s Hospital-
The Domestic Violence Advocate
is a part of Passageway, the domestic violence intervention program of Brigham and Women’s hospital. The
successful candidate will provide advocacy services, information to battered
women to increase knowledge and understanding about domestic violence, initial
and on-going risk assessment to assess the overall danger in women’s
relationships, and other responsibilities. For more information about this
opportunity and to apply, click here.
Bilingual Case Manager- Domestic Violence Intervention
Services- Tulsa, OK
The responsibilities of the
case manager include advocacy and linking clients with local resources. For
more information and to apply to the position, click here.