SAFE EXIT

Family Violence Prevention Fund

January 2011

doctor speaking to students

January is Cervical Health Awareness Month. Gynecological problems, including pelvic inflammatory disease and pre-invasive cervical neoplasia, are two of many reproductive health issues that disproportionately impact women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV).  In fact, women who experience IPV are 2.6 times more likely to be diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer. Violence is linked to a wide range of reproductive health issues including STD and HIV transmission, miscarriages, risky sexual health behavior and more. Additionally, a survey of victims of physical and/or sexual abuse aged 40-74 found decreased odds of 87% for being up to date on pap smears and 84% decreased odds of being up to date for mammograms compared to non-abused women. With that in mind, students and faculty in health care professions can do their part in promoting assessment of domestic violence on their patients during routine exams, especially practitioners who specialize in the gynecological field.

As the new year begins, try to find new ways to promote awareness of the health consequences of domestic violence.  There are different ways you can help bring awareness to domestic violence not only this month, but all year long. Find out what you can do at your school, clinic, and community by reading the features below. Read our online fact sheets to learn more about the issue and take a look at our online catalog of materials to support your campus activities.  Let me know what you’re planning on your campus for December or January and beyond by sending me an email: healthintern1@endabuse.org.

Also, feel free to email me to subscribe to the listserv, ask any questions, or to talk more about campus strategies to help raise awareness of domestic violence.

Thanks,
Michelle Dalida
Family Violence Prevention Fund
Graduate Health Intern
healthintern1@endabuse.org

FEATURED NEWS
Senate Committee Passes International Violence Against Women Act (I-VAWA)
The Senate Foreign Relations Committee passed the International Violence Against Women Act (I-VAWA; HR 4594/S 2982) on December 14. This bipartisan legislation will establish a comprehensive, five-year strategy to stop violence against women and girls around the world. “This was a badly needed step to help stop this violence,” said Family Violence Prevention Fund President Esta Soler.

“Every day brings chilling reminders of the brutality faced by women and girls around the world – from women being beaten by husbands, to schoolgirls being burned with acid, to refugees being forced to trade sex for food, to rape being used as a weapon of war, and more,” Soler added. “We applaud the Senate Foreign Relations Committee for today’s action. We need the full Senate and the House to bring this legislation to a very quick vote, so President Obama can sign this critical legislation into law this year.”

“Today, in passing the International Violence Against Women Act, the Committee spoke with a strong and decisive voice. This bill tells women and girls that that they are valued, respected members of society who do not have to suffer in silence. I-VAWA will use U.S. assistance wisely, bring greater transparency, and improve coordination inside the government and with key stakeholders in civil society. But more importantly, we are saying that now is the time for us to gather the resources and political will to turn I-VAWA’s promise into a reality for the millions of women and girls whose lives will be improved as a result of this critical legislation,” said Chairman John Kerry, who introduced the bill in February.

“It’s time – past time – to make stopping violence against women and girls worldwide a priority in America’s diplomacy and foreign aid,” Soler agreed. “We thank Senators John Kerry, Barbara Boxer, Olympia Snowe and Susan Collins for their continuing work to pass this critical legislation. There is too much at stake, for our country and the world, to wait.”

The United Nations estimates that one out of every three women worldwide will be physically, sexually or otherwise abused in her lifetime.

I-VAWA would help end violence through prevention programs that help women and girls get an education or improve their economic opportunities; programs that support men and boys in being partners in ending violence; health and support programs for survivors; and legal and judicial training programs that work to hold abusers accountable. It would fund local community-based organizations that are working to end violence in their own countries. It would make the issue a diplomatic priority by requiring a U.S. response to outbreaks of gender-based violence – like mass rapes in the Congo – within six months.

I-VAWA has broad public support. Public opinion research conducted for the Family Violence Prevention Fund and Women Thrive Worldwide last year found that the majority of voters (61 percent) say addressing global violence against women should be one of the top priorities for the U.S. government. Voters across demographic and party lines strongly support the legislation. Eight in ten (82 percent) support the bill, and six in ten (62 percent) express intense support.

Additional information on the International Violence Against Women Act is available at www.PassIVAWA.org. An ad, which ran in Politico this summer and was sponsored by Women Thrive Worldwide and the Family Violence Prevention Fund, is here.

More than 200 violence prevention, humanitarian, faith-based, human rights, refugee and women’s organizations are supporting the International Violence Against Women Act.

EVENTS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS
Webinar: Domestic Violence: Its Impact on the Workplace

This webinar, hosted by the Jewish Women International’s National Alliance to End Domestic Abuse, will feature speakers Kim Wells of the Corporate Alliance to End Partner Violence, Jane Randel of Corporate Communications & Brand Services for Liz Claiborne Inc., and Jeremy Bruce of Employee Relations for Verizon Wireless. Join the webinar to learn about the impact of domestic violence on the workplace and how it impacts the health, productivity, and safety of victims. Also, learn about Liz Claiborne Inc. and Verizon Wireless’ innovative domestic violence workplace programs and how you can start a program in your workplace. The webinar will be held on January 13, 2011 12pm-1pm ET. To register for the webinar, click here.
[Source:ncdsv.org]

Conference: The Use of Technology in Intimate Partner Stalking Conference- Gulfport, Mississippi
The Safety Net Project of the National Network to End Domestic Violence and the Stalking Resource Center of the National Center for Victims of Crime will be hosting this foundational conference that features an array of nationally renowned trainers on the issues of stalking and technology, including experts from law enforcement, prosecution, and victim services. Participants will learn how offenders use various technologies to stalk, how to investigate and build a stalking case, and how to keep victims safe and hold offenders accountable. This conference will be held on January 25-27, 2011. For more information and to register, click here.
[Source: nnedv.org]

CURRENT NEWS AND RESEARCH FINDINGS
Leppakoski, T. et al (2010). “Identification of women exposed to acute physical intimate partner violence in an emergency department setting in Finland.” Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 24(4): 638-647

Abstract
: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is seen as a serious health risk factor for women with significant acute and long-term health consequences and it affects women from all ethnic and socioeconomic groups. Knowledge of these consequences of IPV may help emergency department (ED) professionals to identify these women and provide them with appropriate care, including information on a variety of community services, and refer those women to such services if necessary. The study aimed to describe the frequency of ED visits by women exposed to physical intimate partner violence as estimated by ED professionals (nurses, practical nurses, emergency medical technicians) and identification of acute IPV. In this study 'partner' is defined as a woman's husband, former husband, current or former cohabitant or partner. This design was used as part of a larger, descriptive, cross-sectional multi-centre and multi-method study. Data were collected from 28 EDs in 13 Finnish hospital districts. Altogether 488 questionnaires were returned, which yielded a response rate of 51%. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics and quantitative content analysis. Findings showed that 48% (n = 231) of the ED professionals reported that they encountered women in IPV relationships at least once a month. Over one-fifth of the ED professionals reported having repeatedly encountered the same women visiting the ED for IPV related injuries. Over half of the participants reported having problems 'often' or 'now and then' when identifying women exposed to IPV. Those with training on IPV estimated that they had identified women exposed to IPV more often. To conclude, the research suggests that improvement of identification of acute IPV requires that training be arranged and jointly agreed written procedures for handling IPV be introduced. Click here to view the article.
[Source: onlinelibrary.wiley.com]

Meyer, S. (2010). “Seeking Help to Protect the Children?: The Influence of Children on Women's Decisions to Seek Help When Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence.” Journal of Family Violence , 25(8): 713-725
Abstract
: Intimate partner violence (WV) has a detrimental effect on the wellbeing of victims and their children. Situational as well as individual factors shape victims' responses to the experiences of IPV in many ways. This study uses a quantitative approach to examine the factors that influence victims' decisions on whether and where to seek help. The role of (unborn) children has been examined together with other demographic and situational factors to reveal their influence on victims' help-seeking decisions. Two items were used to measure the role of children, including victims' pregnancy at the time of the abuse and children residing with the victim and witnessing the abuse. Relevant findings derived from the analysis of a sub-sample of women interviewed in the process of the International Violence Against Women Survey (IVAWS) 2002/03 are discussed throughout this paper with a specific focus on the role of children. While the presence of unborn children (i.e., pregnancy) had no effect on victims' help-seeking decisions, children witnessing the abuse emerged as the strongest predictor of general and more formalized help-seeking decisions. Click here to read the article.
[Source: springerlink.com]

Kulwicki, A. et al (2010). “Barriers in the Utilization of Domestic Violence Services Among Arab Immigrant Women: Perceptions of Professionals, Service Providers & Community Leaders.” Journal of Family Violence, 25(8):727-735
Abstract
: Ten focus group discussions were conducted with Arab American community leaders who had experience with victims of violence in the Arab American population and issues related to domestic violence. Community leaders were selected from an array of backgrounds, ranging from health and human service providers, legal and law enforcement service providers, religious and grass roots community organizations. Focus group discussions explored the role of personal resources, family, religion, culture and social support system in the utilization of domestic violence services by Arab immigrants experiencing domestic violence. In addition, issues related to personal, socio-cultural and institutional barriers in domestic violence service utilization were addressed along with identifying culturally competent policy strategies in reducing barriers for service utilization by Arab immigrants experiencing domestic violence. Click here to read the article.
[Source: springerlink.com]

Kaya, Y. et al (2010). “A Cross National Analysis of Physical Intimate Partner Violence against Women.” International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 51(6): 423-444
Abstract
: This study investigates the cross-national correlates of intimate partner violence against women with a sample of 40 developed and less developed countries. Specifically, we analyze physical intimate partner violence against women during the 12 months prior to data collection, using data from nationally representative surveys. In the process, we examine the evidence for three explanations we discern from the literature: empowerment of women, cultural context (i.e. religion, institutions), and globalization. The results of our analyses provide strong support for the empowerment of women explanation, which draws from feminist concerns regarding socio-economic status of women, and reveal some effect of cultural context and globalization. Female labor force participation in non-agricultural sectors and women's secondary school enrollment decrease the likelihood of intimate partner violence while increasing total fertility rate signals more partner violence. Religious fractionalization and dependence on high-income countries as export partners also increase the likelihood of intimate partner violence against women. Click here to read the article.
[Source: cos.sagepub.com]

FUNDING LINKS-SCHOLARSHIPS-RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES
Funding: Rescue and Restore Victims of Human Trafficking Regional Program

The Office of Refugee Resettlement of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services will award up to $300,000 in funding to a 36-month project that increases the identification and protection of human trafficking victims in the United States and to increase public awareness about human trafficking. The application deadline is January 18, 2011. To learn more about this funding opportunity, click here.
[Source: ncdsv.org]

Funding: United Nations Trust Fund to End Violence Against Women Grants
The UN Trust Fund to End Violence Against Women is accepting applications centered on supporting implementation of national and local policies, laws and action plans on ending violence against women. The deadline for submission of application is January 20, 2011. To view the application and submit it online, click here.
[Source: unifem.org]

Call for Papers: “Gender and States of Emergency” Symposium for Ohio State University
The Department of Women’s Studies seek papers that address gender and states of emergency in relation to topics such as war, institutions, law, literature, popular culture, natural disasters, state and intimate violence, citizenship, immigration, environment, health, and economic instabilities for their one-long symposium. The them of the symposium is “gender and states of emergency” where participants will explore the issue of states of emergency from a variety of angles, not only states in (economic, political or environmental) emergency, but also, for example, what it means to be in a state of crisis as a particularly situated woman. They welcome papers with U.S., non-U.S., and transnational foci. The submission deadline is January 7, 2011. For more information on the manuscript and the application process, click here.
[Source: researchraven.com]

Fellowship Opportunity: Families USA
Families USA is seeking applications for both the Wellstone Fellowship for Social Justice and the Villers Fellowship for Health Care Justice. The Villers fellowship seeks to inspire and develop the next generation of health care justice leaders. The application deadline is January 14, 2011. The Wellstone fellowship aims to advance social justice through health care advocacy by focusing particularly on the unique challenges facing communities of color. The application deadline for the Wellstone fellowship is January 31, 2011.
[Source: apha.org]

JOB AND INTERSHIP LISTINGS
Domestic Violence Counselor- My Sisters’ Place, Inc.- Westchester County, NY

My Sisters’ Place is a not-for-profit organization that has grown from a grassroots task force and drop-in center formalized in 1978 into a cutting-edge leader and resource in the field of domestic violence advocacy. The domestic violence counselor will be based out of the Yonkers CPS Office, but will travel throughout the county as needed acting as adjunct and resource to CPS staff to support the safety and self-sufficiency of the abused parent and their children. To apply for this position, click here.
[Source: idealist.org]

Domestic Violence Community Outreach Case Manager- Building Futures- San Leandro, CA
Building Futures is a nonprofit leader helping Alameda County women and children live free from homelessness and family violence. The domestic violence community outreach case manager will provide community education, outreach, and case management for battered women and their children. To view the listing and how to apply for this position, click here.
[Source: careerfield.org]

 

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