We received some great feedback from academic institutions, public health agencies, and hospitals nationwide on their participation in Domestic Violence Awareness Month. The University of California at San Francisco’s Students for the Prevention of Domestic Violence held their annual conference bringing awareness to the high prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence in the general population and concluded with testimonies from a survivor panel. Stanford Medical Center Family Abuse Prevention Council inaugurated a research prize and a clinical prize related to abuse knowledge and education. Valley City University in North Dakota hosted a week of events for Health Cares About Domestic Violence(HCADV) Day. The Kaw Nation Domestic Violence Project held a presentation at Kanza clinic in Oklahoma on HCADV Day which distributed information to health care practitioners. Finally, in Pennsylvania, the Domestic Abuse Project featured a traveling display of awareness-raising materials which were showcased by five hospitals around the state.
We thank everyone who decided to participate in Domestic Violence Awareness month and HCADV Day. There are still many different ways you can help bring awareness to domestic violence all year long. Find out what you can do at your school, clinic, and community by reading the features below. Read our online fact sheets to learn more about the issue and take a look at our online catalog of materials to support your campus activities. Let me know what you’re planning on your campus for November and beyond by sending me an email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Also, feel free to email me to subscribe to the listserv, ask any questions, or to talk more about campus strategies to help raise awareness of domestic violence.
Family Violence Prevention Fund
Graduate Health Intern
Family Violence Prevention Fund Releases the Compendium of State Statutes and Policies on Domestic Violence and Health Care
In 2001, the FVPF produced the first State by State Legislative Report Card on Health Care Laws and Domestic Violence. This new Compendium of State Statutes and Policies on Domestic Violence and Health Care updates and replaces that earlier publication. The Compendium is an at-a-glance summary of state laws and regulations relevant to addressing domestic violence in health care settings. It includes new analyses and themes that reflect policy and programmatic changes made in the last decade by leaders in the fields of health care, policy and domestic/sexual violence advocacy.
The Compendium includes an introduction that provides an overview of innovative and promising practice in identified areas, as well as suggestions for amending or creating such state laws and regulations. A synopsis of every state’s domestic violence and health care state laws and regulations is included and addresses: training, screening, protocols, mandatory reporting, insurance discrimination, and other categories. The tool also identifies state earmarks for funding and public health programs specific to domestic violence, as available. The state summaries of laws and regulations are also condensed in a two-page quick chart. The Compendium is available online as a PDF.
EVENTS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS
Batterer Intervention Services Coalition of Michigan Hosts 15th Annual Fall 2010 Conference: “When She Hits Him: Why Gender & Context Matter”
The Batterer Intervention Services Coalition of Michigan is hosting their annual conference in Pontiac, Michigan on the topic of domestic violence and the erroneous claims of gender symmetry in hopes to evolve dialogue on the subject. Presentations include issues such as “Research on Sex, Gender, and Violence: What Practitioners Should Know”, “Groups with Women Who Use Violence in Intimate Relationships”, and “Finding Out What’s Going On: How to Assess Motives, Impacts, Danger Levels, and Violence Typologies in Cases of Intimate Partner Violence.” The conference will be held on November 4 and 5. To register and learn more about this event, click here.
Webinar: “Sexual Violence and People with Disabilities”
The Texas Association Against Sexual Assault is presenting a webinar on November 9 from 10am-11:30am CST. Presenter Michelle Schwartz is Disability Services ASAP Manager of Safe Place in Austin Texas. For more information and to register for this webinar, click here.
Webinar: “Public Health Leadership for Violence Prevention”
The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control of the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention is hosting a quarterly webinar to showcase violence prevention efforts implemented through public health infrastructure. Public health leaders from across the country will discuss the importance of violence prevention as a public health priority and how local agencies can improve the health of their communities by preventing violence. The webinar will be held November 17 from 2pm-3:30pm EST. For more information and to register for this webinar, click here.
CURRENT NEWS AND RESEARCH FINDINGS
Cripe, S.M. et al (2010). “Intimate Partner Violence During Pregnancy: A Pilot Intervention Program in Lima, Peru.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25(11): 2054-2076
Abstract: This pilot study examined the effectiveness of standard care and an empowerment intervention for abused pregnant women. Severe psychological abuse was most prevalent (42.2%) among this sample of women. Compared with women in the standard care group at the post-intervention survey, women in the empowerment group were more likely to hide money (44.6% vs. 34.3%), establish a code with family or friends (19.6% vs. 16.2%), ask neighbors to call police if violence began (6.9% vs. 1.0%), had available bank account numbers (17.1% vs. 3.1%), had valuable jewelry (8.4% vs. 3.8%), and had available a hidden bag with extra clothing (9.0% vs. 3.1%). However, there was no statistically significant difference in health-related quality of life, adoption of safety behaviors, and use of community resources between women in the two groups. Simply asking pregnant women about abuse and offering referral could potentially interrupt and prevent further abuse.
Click here to view the article.
O’Reilly, R . et al (2010). “Screening and Intervention for Domestic Violence During Pregnancy Care: A Systematic Review.” Trauma Violence & Abuse , 11(4): 190-201
Abstract: Domestic violence (DV) against women during pregnancy affects many women and unborn infants worldwide. Pregnancy presents a window of opportunity for health care providers to identify DV and provide appropriate intervention. The aim of this systematic review was to appraise the effectiveness of DV screening and interventions for women identified for DV through screening in pregnancy. The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO were searched from January 1995 to November 2009 to identify potentially relevant studies. Studies using any comparative methodology from both national and international arenas were included but had to be in the English language. Nine studies (13 references) met the inclusion criteria, five for screening and four for interventions. Of the five screening studies, the identification of DV was significantly higher compared to studies that used a non-standardized screen or no screen at all. There was also evidence that recurrent screening throughout the pregnancy further increased identification rates. There was some evidence that interventions for pregnant women who had experienced DV reduced the amount of violence experienced by these women, but the evidence is very limited by the small number of randomized studies with small participant numbers. Further research is required to establish the most effective interventions for women who are identified at risk of DV during pregnancy.
Click here to view the article.
Roberts, A.L. et al (2010). “Witness of Intimate Partner Violence in Childhood and Perpetration of Intimate Partner Violence in Adulthood.” Epidemiology, 21(6):809-818
Abstract: Background: At least half a million women are victims of intimate partner violence in the United States annually, resulting in substantial harm. However, the etiology of violence to intimate partners is not well understood. Witnessing such violence in childhood has been proposed as a principal cause of adulthood perpetration, yet it remains unknown whether the association between witnessing intimate partner violence and adulthood perpetration is causal.
Method: We conducted a propensity-score analysis of intimate partner violence perpetration to determine whether childhood witnessing is associated with perpetration in adulthood, independent of a wide range of potential confounding variables, and therefore might be a causal factor. We used data from 14,564 U.S. men ages 20 and older from the 2004-2005 wave of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.
Results: Nearly 4% of men reported violent behavior toward an intimate partner in the past year. In unadjusted models, we found a strong association between childhood witnessing of intimate partner violence and adulthood perpetration (for witnessing any intimate partner violence, risk ratio [RR] = 2.6 [95% confidence interval = 2.1-3.2]; for witnessing frequent or serious violence, 3.0 [2.3-3.9]). In propensity-score models, the association was substantially attenuated (for witnessing any intimate partner violence, adjusted RR = 1.6 [1.2 2.0]; for witnessing frequent or serious violence, 1.6 [1.2 2.3]).
Conclusions: Men who witness intimate partner violence in childhood are more likely to commit such acts in adulthood, compared with men who are otherwise similar with respect to a large range of potential confounders. Etiological models of intimate partner violence perpetration should consider a constellation of childhood factors.
Click here to read the article.
Kunst, M. et al (2010). “Domestic Violence and Mental Health in a Dutch Community Sample: The Adverse Role of Loneliness.” Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology , 20(5): 419-425
Abstract: The present study explored whether the adverse mental health consequences of domestic violence victimization vary by type of loneliness (i.e., emotional and social loneliness). Participants were drawn from the Dutch city of Rotterdam (N=7072). Domestic violence victimization, emotional loneliness and social loneliness were associated with self-reported mental health. In addition, interaction effects were observed between domestic violence victimization and each type of loneliness. Implications for policy practice as well as strengths and limitations of the study were discussed.
Click here to view the article.
FUNDING LINKS-SCHOLARSHIPS-RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES
Call for Papers: Partner Abuse
Partner Abuse, a peer-reviewed journal, recognizes that physical and emotional abuse among dating, cohabitating and married partners is as a major public health and social problem in North America and around the world. Its purpose is to advance knowledge, practice and policies through a commitment to rigorous, objective research and evidence-based solutions. In addition to original research papers and literature reviews, the journal welcomes viewpoints and commentaries on the topic of partner abuse, as well as clinical case studies, book reviews and letters to the editor. Click here to submit. The deadline for submissions is rolling.
Call for Papers: American Journal of Men’s Health
American Journal of Men’s Health (AJMH) is a core resource for cutting-edge information regarding men’s health and illness. The editor invites papers from all health, behavioral and social disciplines, including but not limited to medicine, nursing, allied health, public health, health psychology / behavioral medicine, and medical sociology and anthropology. The journal publishes original articles, research briefs, editorials, health policy and legislative updates, legal and ethical perspectives, practice guidelines, case reports, media reviews, and press releases regarding upcoming symposia, conferences, and other related events. AJMH is an essential resource for frontline care providers and patient educators, policy development specialists, researchers, and scholars. Click here for submission guidelines.
JOB AND INTERSHIP LISTINGS
Elder Domestic Violence Counselor- Greater Lynn Senior Services, Inc.- Lynn, MA
Responsibilities for this position include providing community outreach, education, support, home visits, casework and group facilitation for women age 50 and over who are, or have been victims of domestic violence. To learn more about this organization and this job opportunity, click here.
Domestic Violence Program Monitor- Florida Coalition Against Domestic Violence- Tallahassee, FL
The successful candidate will have a minimum of three successful years experience working directly with survivors of domestic violence and have knowledge of root causes of violence against women and oppressed groups and empowerment-based advocacy. For more details, click here.